In previous chapter we started learning Marathi jodakshar i.e combining consonants in Marathi. This chapter focuses on Combining consonants with र(r)

When consonants are combined with र(r) it is indicated by different symbols:- 

Style 1) Giving curve above consonant.


Consider English words “part”,”harp”,”mark” etc. In all these words sound of “r” is half. So transliterating these words in Marathi they will be written by Giving curve above consonant which comes after “r”


Part :- पार्ट (pArT)

Harp :- हार्प (hArp)

Mark :- मार्क (mArk)


Style 2) Giving curve before consonant. 

This is used in only those words where sound of र(r) is bit light. There is no stress on r


सुऱ्या (surxyA )


दऱ्या ( darxyA )


हऱ्या ( harxyA )



By changing the style 1 to style 2 to will indicate different meaning


सुऱ्याची (surxyAchI )  means “of knife”.

And सुर्याची means “of the Sun”


दऱ्या (darxyA) means “valleys”. And दर्या(daryA) means “sea”


Listen the difference in sound




When र(r) is second consonant i.e. र(r) is pronounced full but previous consonant is pronounced half, in that 

Rule 1) Small slanting line is given below consonant to indicate succeeding full र(r)

e.g. in English word Prophet, “P” is pronounced half and “r” is full. So in Marathi it is written as

Prophet :- प्रोफेट (propheT ) 

Cockroach :- कॉक्रोच (k~okroch) 

Other native Marathi words

भ्रमर ( bhramar) 

ग्रहण ( grahaN )

तीव्र ( tIvr )

सहस्र ( sahasr)  

Rue 2) This is little variation of style 1. It is used with ट(T), ठ(Th), ड(D), ढ(Dh), छ (Ch). Here a arrow like symbol is given below consonant that is pronounced half

Few English words will be transliterated as 

Tram :- ट्राम ( TrAm )

Drum :- ड्रम ( Dram )

Driver :- ड्रायव्हर  ( DrAyavhar  ) 


With other ठ(Th), ढ(Dh), छ (Ch) it will be seen as

ठ्र (Thr)  ढ्र(Dhr)  छ्र(Chr)


Rule 3) This is another variation of style 1. For त(t) and श(sh) a new symbol is used to indicate to indicate त(t) or श(sh) are half followed by र(r)

त + र = त्र(tr) 


श + र = श्र (shr) 


Rule 4) When रु(ru) or रू(rU) is added to any consonant it is written by giving curve below consonant.


सृ  (sru) , कृ  (kru) , तृ (tru)




सृजन  (srujan)
कृष्ण ( kruShN)
तृण  ( truN)

For advanced grammar learners