Course

Learn Gujarati from English

Certificate no
Lessons 123
Course Content

Hi friends,
Welcome to World of Gujarati. I am Kaushik. I am the author of two popular blogs to 
Learn Marathi from English kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.com
and 
Learn Marathi from Hindi learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.com  

After these successful blogs, I have decided to start a similar project to help people “Learn Gujarati from English”

Here I am trying to introduce you to the fundamentals of Gujarati through English. But in some places I have taken help of examples from Hindi.

Hindi and Gujarati have similar scripts; except few alphabets. The pronunciation of the letters is the same. So for those who can read & write Hindi, reading Gujarati is easy. They will save time learning pronunciation.

So if you know Hindi, this journey to learn Gujarati will be comparatively easy.

But those who do not know Hindi need not feel upset. They just need to put little more effort into learning script and pronunciation.

My own experience says that reading the language from its own script helps a lot. So learn Gujarati script first. So learning Gujarati will be easier if you read it directly from Gujarati  instead of Romanized.

For most of the examples transliteration is given in Roman script is as well. This is for convenience of search-ability on internet.

While learning the language, a student is very excited and wants to speak full sentences as early as possible. He wants to be able to communicate from day 1. Obviously it will not be possible, because you have just used few words !! you can not communicate everything from these few words. Realization of this fact de-motivates the student. Many language learning programs shower the student with a list of full sentences. This looks good at first, but it does not teach how to prepare sentence. So although you know 100 sentences, you are unable to create 101st sentence yourself.

Here comes the necessity of learning grammar.

Students think that learning grammar is tedious and try to run away from it. Spoon feeding i.e. list of pre-created sentences will just keep you handicapped. So learn grammar, stand on your own feet and enjoy the journey.

So I have decided to keep fine balance between “ready made sentences” and grammar. So by speaking ready-made-full sentences you can keep alive you excitement. And by grammar you will nurture your foundation.

You can master the pronunciation of Gujarati by watching audio-video clips of these lessons at my YouTube channel.
YouTube Channel name :- Learn Gujarati through English with Kaushik Lele
https://www.youtube.com/c/LearnGujaratithroughEnglishwithKaushikLele

So friends let us start the journey. Welcome to the world of Gujarati.  The language having history of around 1000 years, rich with its literature, philosophy, widespread influence in society.

Welcome !!!

Lessons
  • Many people from around the globe contacted me through email, blog-comments and Facebook group saying how my blog and YouTube channel helped them successfully learn Marathi. Marathi newspapers also published articles about this initiative. 

  • Matthew Chang is Chinese-American youngster who has very successfully learned Marathi language.  His success is praise worthy considering – he has no Marathi or even Indian family background, he is very far from Marathi land, there are not many people around him to talk Marathi, limited online resources available (e.g. dictionaries and auto-translation), it was [...]
  • In previous lesson we have studied symbols in Devanagari script for consonants and vowels. Now lets learn next concept of Marathi Barakhadi. Like in any language, vowels can be added to consonants to create combined sound. In English we just right letters one after other; and based on the word pronunciation say them together. e.g. meat ; [...]
  • Exaplanation for “अनुस्वार”  (anusvAr) :- In table for vowels there is row :- अं aM As sound of “um” in number, sound of “um” as in jum This will need more attention to understand its pronunciation. The dot given on the character is called “अनुस्वार” (anusvAr)   The anusvaar (अनुस्वार ) is a nasal sound. The अनुस्वार  itself does not [...]
  • Traditionally few combined consonants have separate symbol. Probably a little shorter version helpful while writing manually. In computer fonts it is not possible to write them. So refer below image.       You can write all these symbols with the rules/styles discussed in previous sections.  i.e.   क + त = क्त द + [...]
  • હ(h) is a consonant which is not generally added with other consonants. I mean, there are very few words in which હ(h) is first consonant and so to be pronounced half. We can denote half sound of હ(h) by standard way of giving slanting line below હ(h) i.e. હ્‍ But there are few peculiar ways in which such combined sound [...]
  • Traditionally few combined consonants have separate symbol. Probably a little shorter version helpful while writing manually. Sometimes in computer fonts it is not possible to write them. ત + ત = ત્ત ન + ન = ન્ન દ + ય = દ્ય દ + મ = દ્મ દ + દ્ધ = દ્ધ દ + વ [...]
  • Let us learn pronouns today. Below chart has the list. As I would always say, go through the list once. But do not get daunted by the details. When we will start preparing sentence, come back to chart and get the required pronoun. Using them frequently will make you familiar. And afterwards you will not need to [...]
  • Like in English there are three genders in Gujarati. In Gujarati gender is called as લિંગ(liMg) or જાતિ(jAti) Masculine gender is પુલ્લિંગ ( pulliMg ) or નરજાતિ (narajAti) Feminine gender is સ્ત્રીલિંગ ( strIliMg ) or  નારીજાતિ (nArIjAti) Neuter gender is નપુંસકલિંગ ( napuMsakaliMg ) or નાન્યતરજાતિ (nAnyatarajAti) Major difference in English and Gujarati is in determining gender and [...]
  • You might have got confused by reading the title of this lesson.  There is no such rule named "ઓ-ઈ-ઉં-આ-ઈ-આં" in Gujarati grammar. It is a rule of thumb. I have mentioned it here for you to remember it easily.  You will see that in Gujarati language, forms of adjectives, verbs etc. are created depending on gender [...]
  • In Gujarati, plurals are used to indicate respect. This is called આદરાર્થી બહુવચન  (AdarArthI bahuvachan ) e.g. You(Singular) in English is તું (tuM) in Gujarati. If you are talking to an elder person; in English you will say. “You come” as તું આવે છે (tuM Ave Che) But because you are talking to an elder person; in Gujarati, you will use તમે [...]
  • Friends, let us move a step ahead towards sentence formation today. We will talk about verbs. In English some verbs are  :- to go; to come; to speak; to sit; to eat etc. In Gujarati some verbs are આવવું (AvavuM),જવું (javuM), બોલવું (bolavuM), બેસવું (besavuM ), ખાવું  (khAvuM  )etc. While using verb in English sentence we strip "to" out of it. e.g. "To come" is [...]
  • In English, the verb “to Be” has special significance. Its different forms are used along with other verbs to indicate tense. The same is the case in Gujarati. “To Be” in English is હોવું (“hovuM”) in Gujarati. In English “am”, ”are” and ”is” are different forms of “to be” for different pronouns. Similarly in Gujarati there are different forms of હોવું (“hovuM”) for different pronouns. The below chart shows has [...]
  • We have seen forms of હોવું  (“hovuM”) in simple present tense in the lesson http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.com/2013/11/simple-present-tense-of-to-be-in.html These forms and suffixes to the main verb is used to indicate simple present tense. In English, some verbs are "to come", "to go", "to laugh", etc. When using verbs in sentences we omit "to" and instead use the stem of the verb [...]
  • Suffixes in Simple future tense in Gujarati are mentioned in below table. In simple future tense we do not use form of હોવું  (“hovuM”) unlike in simple present tense But the form of હોવું  (“hovuM”) are also created using same suffixes; with little change as seen in below table Pronoun in English Pronoun in Gujarati Suffix to verb Form [...]
  • The simple past tense of the verb "to be" i.e. હોવું  (“hovuM”) in Gujarati is simple. There are very few suffixes. Interestingly, the choice of suffix depends on gender of noun/pronoun rather than whether it is first person (I, we), second person (you) or third person ( he, she, etc.). These forms will follow ઓ-ઈ-ઉં-આ-ઈ-આં (o-I-uM-A-I-AM ) યો-ઈ-યું-યા-ઈ-યાં ( yo-I-yuM-yA-I-yAM ) [...]
  • In previous lesson (http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.com/2013/11/simple-past-tense-of-to-be-in-gujarati.html) we studied simple Past tense of verb "To Be". Let us see the simple past tense of other verbs. In Simple past tense there 2 types of statements. Type 1) Verbs which require nouns/objective i.e. transitive verbs e.g. I ate mango. Here "I" is subjective/Nominative and "mango" is objective. In Gujarati [...]
  • In previous lesson (http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2013/11/simple-past-tense-in-gujarati-part-1.html) we studied the simple past tense of અકર્મક ક્રિયાપદ(akarmak kriyApad) i.e. intransitive verbs (verbs that do not need accompanying noun).  In this lesson, let us see examples of સકર્મક ક્રિયાપદ(sakarmak kriyApad) i.e. verb that needs noun. Two rules to be noted :- 1) The suffix is decided as per the gender and [...]
  • We have already seen present tense of verb "To be" i.e  હોવું (“hovuM”) in Gujarati. Extending this concept we will see sentences in present continuous tense Structure is Doer of action verb + ઈ(I) Form of રહેવું (“rahevuM”) Form of હોવું (“hovuM”) as in Present Tense અમે (ame) કરી (karI) રહ્યાં(rahyAM) છીએ(ChIe) Forms of રહેવું (“rahevuM”) :- For Masculine Singular in any person :- રહ્યો  (rahyo) For Masculine [...]
  • We have already seen present continuous tense. Extending this concept we will see sentences in past continuous tense. Only difference is that we will use Form of હોવું (“hovuM”) as in past Tense. We have also studied them in previous lessons. So this lesson is very easy. Structure is Doer of action verb + ઈ(I) Form of રહેવું (“rahevuM”) Form of હોવું (“hovuM”) as [...]
  • आप (Ap) or तुम (tum) in Hindi is तुम्ही (tumhI) or आपण (ApaN) in Marathi.  “तू” in Hindi is “तू” in Marathi as well.  But do understand the difference in their usage especially its social background.   In Hindi, by default you address anyone else with respect i.e call him “आप” or “तुम”. And only when you do not want to show respect or show [...]
  • By skipping the grammar details, we will see few sentences directly. And you can understand the rules.   मै आता हूं ( mai AtA hUM ) मी येतो  ( mI yeto  ) मै जाता हुं ( mai jAtA huM ) मी जातो  ( mI jAto  ) मै बोलता हूं ( mai bolatA hUM ) मी [...]
  • A Hindi person learning Marathi frequently get confused with Marathi words मला(malA) and माझा (mAjhA). Let us see few examples so that you will not have confusion. “मुझे” in Hindi is “मला” in Marathi. And “मेरा” in Hindi is “माझा” in Marathi. So do NOT CONFUSE that माझा is equivalent to मुझे  Examples :- मुझे [...]
  • Let us learn future tense by examples :- मै आउंगा mai AuMgA मी येईन mI yeIn मै जाउंगा mai jAuMgA मी जाईन mI jAIn तू आयेगा tU AyegA तू येशील tU yeshIl तू जायेगा tU jAyegA तू जाशील tU jAshIl वो लडका बोलेगा vo laDakA bolegA तो मुलगा बोलेल to mulagA bolel वो लडकी बोलेगी vo laDakI bolegI ती मुलगी बोलेल tI mulagI bolel वो लडके बोलेंगे vo laDake boleMge ते मुलगे बोलतील te [...]
  • We have learnt Past perfect tense. Today we will see another style of saying past perfect tense. With the grammar learnt before, the sentence “I had spoken” will be translated as “मी बोललो होतो ( mI bolalo hoto ). In second style it can be said as मी बोललेलो ( mI bolalelo )  In this form below suffixes [...]
  • There are different ways of asking question in Hindi, and the same ways are followed in Marathi as well. 1) Question by changing voice tone “तू आयेगा” is a statement. But if said in different tone “तू आयेगा ? ” will become question. Same way in Marathi “तू येशील”  is statement. But is said in [...]
  • You can refer the grammar of negative sentences at :-  http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/negative-sentences-in-present-tense-in-marathi/ http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/negative-sentences-in-past-tense-in-marathi/ http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/negative-sentences-in-future-tense-in-marathi/    By skipping the grammar detail, we will move to examples :- Simple Present Tense (सामान्य वर्तमानकाळ ) मै बोलता नहीं mai bolatA nahIM मी बोलत नाही mI bolat nAhI     वोह लडका चलता नहीं voh laDakA chalatA nahIM तो मुलगा चालत नाही to mulagA chAlat nAhI     तू खाता नहीं tU khAtA nahIM [...]
  • In previous lesson we have learnt symbols for vowels and consonants in Gujarati script. Like in any language vowels can be added to consonants to create combined sound. In English we just right letters one after other; and depending on the word we say them together. e.g. meat ; bit ; hat. Here "ea","i","a" are pronounced [...]
  •   Friends, I can understand that “Simple Past Tense” was not that “simple”    So to give you some relief here comes “Past Continuous Tense”. It follows good old structure like “future continuous”.   Here verb is formed according to subjective/doer of the action like future Continuous Tense   The sentence structure in Past Continuous Tense [...]
  • Before you go ahead learning “Perfect tense” make sure you have understood “simple past tense” correctly. Because all these tense use sentences from “simple past” and just add form of “to Be” to make it perfect.   If the verb requires noun then the form of “To Be” i.e. असणे(“asaNe”) is decided based on noun. Like Simple Past tense. Otherwise it is decided based on subject /doer [...]
  • We have now finished important part of grammar i.e. Tenses Let us move towards different forms of pronouns used for preposition In English “with” preposition is used as “with me”, “with him” etc. “with” in Marathi is बरोबर (barobar) “with me” –>माझ्या बरोबर  ( mAjhyA barobar ) “with you” –> तुझ्या बरोबर  ( tujhyA barobar ) You can observe that preposition in Marathi comes after noun. So it is [...]
  • In previous post we saw that, in Marathi special forms of pronouns are appended with preposition.   The preposition “To” in English is ला ( lA ) in Marathi. But preposition “To” is handled bit differently in Marathi. Special forms are created incorporating ला ( lA ). So no need to add ला ( lA ) again.   e.g. “to him” in English is त्याला ( tyAlA ) in Marathi.  [...]
  • We have already seen present continuous tense. Extending this concept we will see sentences in future continuous tense. Only difference is that we will use Form of હોવું (“hovuM”) as in future tense. We have also studied them in previous lessons. So this lesson is very easy. Structure is Doer of action verb + ઈ(I) Form of રહેવું (“rahevuM”) Form of હોવું (“hovuM”) as [...]
  • Negative sentence in are present continuous tense very easy to create from corresponding positive sentence. Positive sentence structure is Doer of action verb + ઈ(I) Form of રહેવું (“rahevuM”) Form of હોવું (“hovuM”) as in Present Tense અમે (ame) કરી (karI) રહ્યાં(rahyAM) છીએ(ChIe) In negative sentence, we do not use Form of હોવું (“hovuM”). Instead we use word નથી(nathi) for all genders and multiplicity and persons. [...]
  • In English future tense sentence can be formed using “going to” phrase.  “He will come?” can also be said as “He is going to come” In Marathi this sentence is formed as Subject           verb+णार   form of असणे(“asaNe”)in present tense तो                    येणार           आहे Question will be formed as Subject           verb+णार   form of असणे(“asaNe”)in present tense  का ? तो                    येणार           आहे                          का ? Examples :- English [...]
  • Present and Past perfect tense :-  Before you go ahead learning “Perfect tense” make sure you have understood “simple past tense” correctly. Because these tense use sentences from “simple past” and just add form of “to Be” to make it perfect. For સકર્મક(sakarmak) veb i.e. the verb which requires noun, the form of “To Be” i.e. હોવું(hovuM) is decided based on noun. For અકર્મક(akarmak) veb i.e. the verb which does NOT [...]
  • It is easy to create negative sentence in simple past tense from corresponding positive sentence. You just need to say "નથી"(nathi) before or after the verb to negate it. Below I have given pairs of positive and negative sentences. (If boy says) I laughed -> હું હસ્યો (huM hasyo ) (If boy says) I did [...]
  • Negative sentence in past continuous tense very easy to create from corresponding positive sentence. Positive sentence structure is Doer of action verb + ઈ(I) Form of રહેવું (“rahevuM”) Form of હોવું (“hovuM”) as in Past Tense અમે (ame) કરી (karI) રહ્યાં(rahyAM) હતાં(hatAM) In negative sentence, we use negative form of હોવું (“hovuM”). Doer of action verb + ઈ(I) Form of રહેવું (“rahevuM”) NEGATIVEForm of હોવું (“hovuM”) as [...]
  • Exercise for advanced learners – conditional statement with irregular verb धुणे.  Translate below sentences in Marathi and then verify with below answers     1) I washed clothes, that’s why they are looking clean 2) Had i washed clothes they would have looked clean   3) Because I wash clothes they look clean 4) If [...]
  •   We have seen that when using preposition with pronouns or nouns, the form of pronouns or nouns changes which is called सामान्य रूप (sAmAnya rUp) in Marathi or Oblique case form in English. Same way happens while using preposition with verb. For example, in English we say “after doing”, “before singing”, “while writing”.  In English [...]
  • The preposition “To” in English is ને ( ne ) in Gujarati. So, To Ram -> રામને  ( rAmane ) To Sita ->  સીતાને (sItAne ) But preposition “To” is handled bit differently in Gujarati when used with pronouns. Special forms are created incorporating ને ( ne ) to pronouns. So no need to add ને ( ne ) again. e.g. “to him” in English is તેને ( tene) in Gujarati. Notice this special form already [...]
  • "To know" in Gujarati is "ખબર હોવું"(khabar hovuM) Consider sentence “I know your name”. This can also be said as “Your name is known to me”. Gujarati sentence formation is some what similar to this second way. Form of verb "ખબર હોવું"(khabar hovuM) will be created as per gender and multiplicity of object(which is known). Sentence structure is [...]
  • In previous lesson we studied verb "To know".There is a phrase using this verb i.e “To come to know”.e.g. "I came to know that he is not well", "He came to know that school is closed today"  In Gujarati corresponding phrase is "ખબર પડી"(khabar paDI) ખબર is feminine-singular word. Sentence structure is Form of noun with [...]
  • “To can” or “To be able to” in Marathi is “शकणे” (shakaNe ) The sentence formation is Subject    verb+ऊ(U)       form of “शकणे”  (shakaNe) as per tense and subject मी                      खाऊ                     शकतो In all the tenses, the form of “शकणे”  (shakaNe) is as per subject. We have already seen how to prepare verb in simple present/past/future tense. So by applying [...]
  • Consider English preposition “with”. It is used as “with me”, “with him” etc. “with” in Gujarati  is સાથે  (sAthe) “with me” --> મારી સાથે ( mArI sAthe “with him” --> તેની સાથે  ( tenI sAthe   ) You can observe that preposition in Gujarati comes after noun. So it is rather post-position!! Also note that while using preposition in English; for “I” we used “Me”; for “He”we used “Him”. Similarly in Gujarati for હું(huM)  we used મારી (mArI ); For તે ( te ) we used તેની ( tenI ) This changed forms are [...]
  • In previous lesson we have studied prepositions and how they are used with pronouns. http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.com/2013/11/learn-prepositions-in-gujarati-language.html Let's see how prepositions are used with noun. When preposition is used along with a proper noun (name of person or object) noun does not change (unlike pronoun).  There are two categories of prepositions. Category 1) Here ના(nA),  ની(nI), ને (ne) etc. is appended to [...]
  • नाही(nAhI) and नको (nako) are two words used in Marathi in negative sentences. In English, equivalent to both of this is  “No”/”Not”. It confuses learner which is used when. But careful observation of previous grammar lessons will show that नको (nako) is used only in peculiar cases and in all remaining sentences it is नाही(nAhI) नको is [...]
  • There are three ways in which we use verb "to remember" 1) Suppose a teacher meets his student after many years and says "You are from batch of 1970, right? I remember you." 2) A student living in a hostel writes letter to his mother; "Whenever I eat food at canteen I remember dishes you used [...]
  • Verb “To Become” in Marathi is   “होणे “ (hoNe ) Verb “To Happen” in Marathi is “घडणे” ( ghaDaNe ) But in normally Marathi for “To Happen” also we use verb “होणे “ (hoNe )   The verb “होणे “ (hoNe ) follows the same rule we had seen before for all the tenses. We have seen that few verbs are [...]
  • In English we use “should” verb to indicate the desired behavior. e.g. “He should go to school”; “You should take medicine”; “They should not have done this”   In Marathi sentence formation is :- Form of noun/pronoun as in simple past tense          verb+ “आयला “ (AyalA)       पाहिजे  (pAhije)/ form of हवे (have) as per tense and gender multiplicity of [...]
  • At the outset let me clarify that there is no exact/one-to-one replacement of modal verb "would" in Gujarati. In English, "would" is used in different ways to indicate different shades of meaning. Depending on the type sentences are formed differently in Gujarati. Generally "would" is used in these type of sentences :- To talk about the past. [...]
  • In previous lesson we studied verb "To know".There is a phrase using this verb i.e “To come to know”.e.g. "I came to know that he is not well", "He came to know that school is closed today"  In Gujarati corresponding phrase is "ખબર પડી"(khabar paDI) ખબર is feminine-singular word. Sentence structure is Form of noun with [...]
  • In English we say, "I understand this","He understood the logic"  etc.Suppose we say these sentences little differently like, "It is understood to me", "Logic is understood to him"; then we are near to Gujarati sentence structure. Gujarati sentence formation is similar to this second form. Simple rules are as follows :- 1) We use the form of કર્તા(kartA) [...]
  • 1) Using “Let” for suggestion Suppose we want to call our friends for some action , we will say “Let us go”, “Let us start lunch” etc. In Gujarati such form is created by suffixing “ઈએ” (Ie) to verb. Also generally sentence is started with ચાલો  (chAlo ) which is kind of exclamation or call for action. Examples :- Let’s play :- ચાલો આપણે [...]
  • To know in Marathi is “माहीत असणे”( mAhIt asaNe ). Consider sentence “I know your name”. This can also be said as “Your name is known to me”. Marathi sentence formation is some what similar to this second way. And as expected verb “माहीत असणे” will be formed as per gender and multiplicity of object.    [...]
  • We have previously learnt how to use prepositions with pronouns and nouns in these lessons. http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.com/2013/11/learn-prepositions-in-gujarati-language.html http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2013/11/prepositions-with-nouns-in-gujarati.html Let us see how to use prepositions with verbs in Gujarati. Like in English, not all prepositions can meaningfully be used with verbs. So frequently used ones are discussed here. I have logically divided prepositions into these types for simplicity [...]
  • 1) Using “Let” for suggestion Suppose we want to call our friends for some action , we will say “Let us go”, “Let us start lunch” etc. In Gujarati such form is created by suffixing “ઈએ” (Ie) to verb. Also generally sentence is started with ચાલો  (chAlo ) which is kind of exclamation or call for action. Examples :- Let’s play :- ચાલો આપણે [...]
  • In Marathi “To Like” i.e. “To be fond of” is आवडणे (AvaDaNe)   Sentence formation is bit different.  In English we say :- I like mango. She likes dancing.   Here verb like is formed according to subject/doer of action. But in Marathi subject “आवडणे” is formed as per object. Something like saying “Mango is liked by me”. [...]
  • For English verb “To Understand” there are two verbs in Marathi. Viz. “समजणे” (samajaNe) and कळणे (kaLaNe). Same verbs are also used for phrase “To come to know”.   In English we will say “I understand the importance”. It can also be said as “Importance is understood to me”. Marathi sentence formation is similar to second way. [...]
  • In English there are three degrees of comparison viz. positive, comparative and superlative. Generally we prefix “more” and “most” to adjective for comparative and superlative degree. Sometimes there are different words to indicate each degree e.g. good-better-best Bad-worse-worst  , tall- taller-tallest etc. In Gujarati, we do not have this second way of comparison. i.e. adjectives do [...]
  • To specify condition and its effect we use "If-then" structure in English e.g. If you had gone then I would have gone as well. Had he eaten well he would have become healthier. etc. Gujarati sentence formation has few similarities and few differences. You can easily relate them with English. 1) For If-then in Gujarati we use [...]
  • To indicate the continuity of action we use “To keep doing” form of sentence. e.g I keep trying even if I fail. He kept speaking until all slept. Do not stop, keep doing In Gujarati sentence formation is “- Doer of action verb+ suffix form of “રહેવું” (rahevuM) as per subject and tense હું (huM) બોલતો (bolato ) રહ્યો [...]
  • In Marathi “To remember” is आठवणे(AThavaNe)   There are three ways in which we use verb “to remember”   1) Suppose a teacher meets his student after many years and says “You are from batch of 1970, right? I remember you.”   2) A student living in a hostel writes letter to his mother; “Whenever I eat [...]
  • The English verb “To Want” or “To need” in Marathi is “पाहिजे असणे (pAhije asaNe)/ हवे असणे (have asaNe).   Sentence formation is little different in Marathi. In English we say, “I want mango”. It can also be said as “Mango is wanted to me”. Marathi sentence structure is similar to second way.   Form of subject              object         पाहिजे/ [...]
  • Consider sentence "I will finish it tomorrow". Now if you want to emphasize about the time you will say "I will finish it tomorrow it self". Consider another sentence "He told me that he got lottery". Now to emphasize on who told you, you will say "He himself told me he got lottery". Sometimes Indian tend to create such [...]
  • In English we use verb "To Mean" like "What does it mean ?", "What is its meaning ?", "I did not mean it" etc. In Gujarati the the translation of sentence "what does it mean" is actually similar to translation of "what is its meaning" In Gujarati  "meaning" is અર્થ(arth), મતલબ(matalab). Both are masculine-singular words. 1)What does it mean ? -> What [...]
  • To indicate possession of something we say "I have a car", "I have a bungalow" etc.In Gujarati we use preposition "-ના પાસે" In Gujarati such sentences are formed as follows :- Noun or pronoun with preposition "-ના પાસે" noun form of “to be” i.e.હોવું(hovuM) as per tense and gender, multiplicity of noun મારા પાસે (mAraa pAse ) ગાડી (gADI) હતી(hatI) I have [...]
  • Adjectives from verb indicating general behavior In English we use phrases like “Speaking Doll”, “Talking book” etc. Here form of verbs speak, talk are used as kind of adjective. In Gujarati same can be achieved by appending નારો (nAro) to verb, as a masculine adjective. As this adjective ends with ઓ (o) form of verb will change as per gender. Refer lesson [...]
  • Consider the conversation 1) "Who did this mess ?" "Someone did it !!" conversation 2) "How will you do it?" "I will manage it somehow." When we are not sure about the thing we say "somehow", "somewhere", "anybody" etc. In Gujarati also such words are present. In words like "somehow", "somewhere" we prefixed "some" to words like [...]
  • In English adverbs are generally formed by appending "ly" to adjective word. e.g. beautifully, gracefully, sadly, happily etc. In Gujarati adverbs are created by different ways. Few adverbs are separate words.Few adverbs are created from adjectives by adding રીતે(rIte) Few adverbs are created from adjectives by adding થી (thI) Below I have given few adverb examples. For other adverbs you can refer dictionarieslike http://www.gujaratilexicon.comhttp://www.khandbahale.com/englishgujarati.phphttp://translate.google.com/#en/gu/ A bit [...]
  • In English we use verb “Like” to show similarity. e.g. Your shirt is like mine. Her writing style is like a great artist. We had seen before that "To like" in Gujarati is ગમવું (gamavuM). But for such type of sentences we do NOT use this verb. 1) In Gujarati consider word "like" or "similar" as preposition "-ના જેવો(-nA [...]
  • In English we have active and passive voice. In Gujarati also we have this concept. But in English passive is used as frequently as active voice; even in day-to-day communication. In Gujarati passive voice is used quite less in colloquial communication. It is more used in formal communication or written communication like newspaper, magazine etc. Passive voice is [...]
  • In English we use sentences like "I will make him work", "That joke made him laugh" etc. So we use phrase here as "to make one do something". Gujarati sentences are same as saying "I will get it done from someone". So In Gujarati we say it હું તેની પાસે કામ કરાવડાવીશ (huM tenI pAse kAm karAvaDAvIsh), હું તેની [...]
  • In English we say "May God bless you", "May he help you","May door open soon". Here we have used "may" to express wish. In Gujarati we say such wishes by using simple present tense form of verb and without form of હોવું (hovuM) e.g. third person form of verbs are like કરે છે(kare Che), બોલે [...]
  • Below table list words related to time :- English Gujarati word When word is used with “at” or “on” Today આજ  (Aj ) આજે  (Aje ) Tomorrow આવતી કાલ  (AvatI kAl ) આવતી કાલે  (AvatI kAle ) Yesterday ગઈ કાલ    (gaI kAl  ) ગઈ કાલે  (gaI kAle ) Day after Tomorrow પરમ દિવસ  (param divas ) પરમ દિવસે  (param [...]
  • Figures are written differently in Gujarati, as follows :- 0 -> ૦ 1 -> ૧ 2 -> ૨ 3 -> ૩ 4 -> ૪ 5 -> ૫ 6 -> ૬ 7 -> ૭ 8 -> ૮ 9 -> ૯ 10 -> ૧૦ 11 -> ૧૧ and so on Number in figure in English Number in Gujarati 0 મીંડું (mIMDuM) [...]
  • We have already seen numbers in Gujarati in these previous two lessons http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2013/12/numbers-in-gujarati-part-1.htmlhttp://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2014/01/numbers-in-gujarati-part-2.htmlHere we will see forms of verb like "first","second" etc. "single","double/both" etc. Counting sequence In Gujarati we have special words for sequence from 1 to 6. From 7 on wards form of મો (mo) is appended to number. First પહેલો   (pahelo  ) Second બીજો    (bIjo   ) Third ત્રીજો  (trIjo ) Fourth [...]
  • Conjunctions are words that join two or more words or phrases or clauses. Here we will learn frequently use English conjunctions and their Gujarati synonyms. We will start with frequently use conjunctions and then move to less used ones 1) And :- અને ( ane), He and me -> એ અને હું (e ane huM) Milk and sugar -> દૂધ અને ખાંડ [...]
  • 7) As :- જેમ(jem) Conjunction "As" is used in multiple ways. Main use of "As" is to indicate the way thing happen. It can be said in in Gujarati using pair word is જેમ(jem)-તેમ(tem) or જે રીતે(je rIte)-તે રીતે(te rIte). e.g. Do it same way as he is doing -> એ જેમ કરે છે તેમ કર (e jem / je rIte kare [...]
  • 12) After ,then:- "પછી"(nI paChI) / ત્યાર પછી (tyAr paChI) "I went to play after I finished my study" can also be said as "I finished my study then I went to play" Gujarati sentence is similar to second form i.e using "then". I finished my study then I went to play :- મેં અભ્યાસ પતાવ્યો પછી રમવા ગયો (meM [...]
  • 17) As soon as :-  તાં જ"(tAM j) The suffix "તાં જ"(tAM j)is appended to verb stem As soon as he came  -> એ આવતાં જ (e AvatAM j) As soon as she saw  ->  એણે જોતાં જ (eNe jotAM j ) As soon as they become -> તેઓ થતાં જ (teo thatAM j) 18) Once :- ત્યારે (tyAre) [...]
  • Conjunctions in Gujarati are discussed over last 4 lessons. For ease of search, here I have summarized them and given the link to corresponding lesson And, But, Although, Though, Yet, Still, Even if, Even though, Because, so, That http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.com/2014/01/conjunctions-in-gujarati-part-1.html As, As well as, Or, Nor,Neither-Nor, if, In case,if only, provided http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.com/2014/01/conjunctions-in-gujarati-part-2-asas.html After, then, Till, Until, [...]
  • Below I have listed parts of human body. Sequence is from top to bottom. I have avoided listing those organs which are not referred in routine conversation. For synonyms of other organs (especially internal organs) you will need to refer dictionary. http://www.gujaratilexicon.com But for general conversation below list will be sufficient as list contains 70 [...]
  • બાપુ (bAp / pitA / bApu ) Brother ભાઈ (bhAI ) Sister બહેન (bahen ) Direct brother સગા ભાઈ (sagA bhAI ) Direct sister સગી બહેન (sagI bahen ) Grand father (father's father) દાદા (dAdA ) Grand mother (father's mother) દાદી (dAdI ) Grand father (mother's  father) નાના (nAnA ) Grand mother (mother's mother) નાની (nAnI ) Father's brother કાકા (kAkA ) Father's brother's wife કાકી (kAkI [...]
  • Let's start with simple sentences. Before starting I want to clarify few things. 1) Examples given below follow the rules we have discussed so far. So grammar is not explained again. I would request you to read each sentence carefully and identify how the form of particular word or verb is created. 2) Wherever new [...]
  • English Gujarati Where are you (to boy/girl) તું ક્યાં છે (tuM kyAM Che) Where are you (to man/lady with respect) તમે ક્યાં છો (tame kyAM Cho) I am here હું અહીં/અહીંયા છું (huM ahIM/ahIMyA ChuM) I am there હું ત્યાં છું (huM tyAM ChuM) I am in office હું ઓફીસમાં છું (huM ophIsamAM ChuM) I am on terrace હું અગાસી પર છું (huM agAsI par ChuM) I am on road હું રસ્તામાં  છું (huM [...]
  • Frequently used words while describing an address. English Gujarati Straight સીધા (sIdhA) Left ડાબી બાજૂ  (DAbI bAjU ) To left ડાબી બાજૂએ  (DAbI bAjUe ) Right જમણી બાજૂ (jamaNI bAjU) To right જમણી બાજૂએ (jamaNI bAjUe) Behind પાછળ (pAChaL) In-front સામે (sAme) Next આગળ (AgaL) Till સુધી (sudhI) After પછી (paChI) Near પાસે (pAse) Far દૂર (dUr) Road રસ્તો (rasto) Square ચૌક (chauk) Corner ખૂણો (khUNo) Lane ગલ્લી (gallI) Study below simple conversations :- [...]
  • Below I have summarized few frequently used Greetings, Wishes, Blessings and Slogans in Gujarati. Please note that they are NOT word to word translation from English to Gujarati. These are the ways how a native Gujarati speaker will greet you in particular occasion. Please go through below :- Greetings શુભેચ્છાઓ shubhechChAo Many Greetings / Many wishes ખૂબ ખૂબ શુભેચ્છાઓ khUb khUb shubhechChAo [...]
  • English Gujarati Friend, can you give me menu card? ભાઈ, મને મેનુકાર્ડ આપશો ? (bhAI mane menukArD Apasho ?) Please give menu card મેનૂકાર્ડ આપો (menUkArD Apo) Which dish is served hot? ગરમ શું છે ?(garam shuM Che?) Which dish is served cold? ઠંડું શું છે  (ThaMDuM shuM Che ) Is Idli available? ઈડલી છે ? (IDalI Che ?) Can I get pizza? પિઝ્ઝા મળશે ? (pijhjhA maLashe ?) How [...]
  • English Gujarati Give me 1kg. Sugar એક કિલો ખાંડ આપો (ek kilo khAMD Apo) Take this આ લો (A lo) Do you have "Godd day"  biscuit ? ગુડ ડે બિસ્કિટ છે ? (guD De biskiT Che ?) Yes. I have હા. છે. (hA. Che.) Give 2 packs બે પેક્સ આપો. (be peks Apo.) Which cream biscuit is there ? ક્રીમ બિસ્કિટ કયું છે ? (krIm biskiT kayuM Che ?) "Parle"'s પારલેનું (pAralenuM.) I do [...]
  • English Gujarati At Bus Stop બસ સ્ટોપ પર (bas sTop par) I want to go to Mumbai. Where can I get bus ? મારે મુંબઈ જવું છે (mAre muMbaI javuM Che) બસ ક્યાંથી મળશે ? (bas kyAMthI maLashe ?) Not here. Go ahead અહીંયા નથી. આગળ જાઓ. (ahIMyA nathI. AgaL jAo.) Where ahead? આગળ ક્યાં ? (AgaL kyAM ?) There under that bridge એ પૂલની નીચે (e pUlanI nIche) Ok. Thanks સારું. થેંક્સ (sAruM. theMks) [...]
  • English Gujarati (Passenger :) Can you take me to Tilak road ? ટિળક રોડ લઈ જશો ?(TiLak roD laI jasho ?) (Driver:) No નહિં.(nahiM.) Why ? કેમ ?(kem ?) I want to go to Kothrud, Baner areas મારે કોથરૂડ,બાણેર જવું છે.(mAre kotharUD,bANer javuM Che.) Ok બરાબર (barAbar)  --------------------------   -------------------------- Can you take me to Tilak road ? ટિળક રોડ લઈ જશો ?(TiLak roD laI jasho ?) [...]
  • Hello  - :- Hello ( hello ) Hey, how come you are here? You were in ABC company, right ?   - :-અરે અહિં કેવી રીતે ? તું તો ABC કંપનીમાં હતો ને ? (are ahiM kevI rIte ? tuM to ABC kaMpanImAM hato ne ?) Yes. I left it 2 months back. - :- હા. બે મહિના પહેલા જ  મેં એ કંપની છોડી દીધી. (hA. be mahinA pahelA j [...]
  • English Gujarati Please come. Have seat આવો. બેસો.(Avo. beso.) What is the problem? શું તકલીફ છે?(shuM takalIph Che?) I am suffering from cold શરદી થઈ ગઈ છે.(sharadI thaI gaI Che.) There is temperature તાવ છે.(tAv Che.) From when? ક્યારથી ?(kyArathI ?) From yesterday morning કાલ સવારથી.(kAl savArathI.) Ok. Lay down there બરાબર. ત્યાં સૂઈ જાઓ.(barAbar. tyAM sUI [...]
  • Good morning Teacher/Madam ગુડ મોર્નિંગ મેડમ !(guD morniMg meDam !) Good morning pupils ગુડ મોર્નિંગ વિદ્યાર્થીઓ !(guD morniMg vidyArthIo !) Sit down બેસી જાઓ.(besI jAo.) Its period of geography, right? ભૂગોળનો તાસ છે ને?(bhUgoLano tAs Che ne?) Take out book પુસ્તક બહાર કાઢો.(pustak bahAr kADho.) Open tenth chapter દસમો પાઠ ઉઘાડો.(dasamo pATh ughADo.) Yesterday we learnt half of lesson કાલે [...]
  • Hello Hello Hello Hello I am Kaushik speaking હું કૌશિક બોલું છું.(huM kaushik boluM ChuM.) Yes; please go ahead હા. બોલો.(hA. bolo.) Is this number of Joshi ? શું આ જોશીભાઈનો નંબર છે?(shuM A joshIbhAIno naMbar Che?) Is this house of Joshi ? જોશીભાઈનું ઘર છે ને?(joshIbhAInuM ghar Che ne?) Yes હા.(hA.) I wanted to speak with Vaibhav [...]
  • Aunty, How much is lady finger? માસી, ભીંડા કેટલાના છે ? (mAsI, bhIMDA keTalAnA Che ?) Five Rupees for a quarter kilogram પાંચના અઢીસો (ગ્રૅમ) (pAMchanA aDhIso (gr~em)) What is cost of half k.g. અડધા કિલોના કેટલા ? (aDadhA kilonA keTalA ?) Ten for half દસનાં અડધો કિલો. (dasanAM aDadho kilo.) And cabbage? અને કોબીના ? (ane kobInA ?) [...]
  • Hey, take your vehicle to side અરે, ગાડી બાજુમાં લો. (are, gADI bAjumAM laI lo.) Hey, did you hear ? અરે, સાંભળ્યું કે? (are, sAMbhaLyuM ke?) Bring your vehicle to side ગાડી બાજુમાં લઈ લો. (gADI bAjumAM laI lo.) What happened Sir શું થયું સાહેબ ? (shuM thayuM sAheb ?) You jumped signal તમે સિગ્નલ તોડ્યો. (tame signal [...]
  • It is very hot today ખૂબ ગરમી છે.(khUb garamI Che.) It is very hot and humid today ખૂબ ઉકળાટ છે.(khUb ukaLAT Che.) Yesterday was cool કાલે/ગઈકાલે ઠંડી હતી.(kAle/gaIkAle ThaMDI hatI.) I thought, coolness will continue today also મને લાગે છે, આજે પણ ઠંડક રહેશે. (mane lAge Che, Aje paN ThaMDak raheshe.) It is raining વરસાદ છે.(varasAd Ce.) It [...]
  • Hello હેલો / નમસ્કાર.(helo /namaskAr.) Hello હેલો / નમસ્કાર.(helo /namaskAr.) Have a seat બેસો.(beso.) Let me see your resume તમારા રેઝ્યુમે જોવા દો.(tamArA rejhyume jovA do.) Take this આ લો.(A lo.) Tell me a bit about yourself મને તમારા વિશે થોડું કહો.(mane tamArA vishe thoDuM kaho.) My name is Kaushik Lele મારું નામ કૌશિક છે.(mAruM nAm kaushik Che.) I am from Mumbai. હું મુંબઈનો છું.(huM muMbaIno ChuM.) I was born [...]
  • Conversation with maid or lady who takes care of household chores like cleaning dishes, clothes and floor cleaning. In Gujarati ladies are are called as માસી (mAsI) i.e. aunty.  Ladies of equal age or lesser age are called as બેન(ben) i.e. sister. Below is conversation between a lady with her maid. Dialogues of lady are highlighted in yellow. Come [...]
  • Sentences related to Love and proposing some one. This will answer general questions like "How to say I love you in Gujarati", "How to propose a girl in Gujarati". Those sentences which will change as per gender of the speaker are mentioned accordingly e.g.(Boy to Girl) or (Girl to Boy). If nothing is mentioned then sentences are same [...]
  • Throughout this blog I have used transliteration of Gujarati sentences in Roman script. I have used "Baraha" software for this. It was available for free download and use. If you do not want to download software then you can use Google's transliteration service. http://www.google.com/inputtools/try/ Select Gujarati Language in drop-down. or http://www.quillpad.in/index.html And select Gujarati Language in the tabs.

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