Course

Learn Marathi from Hindi

Certificate no
Lessons 91
Course Content

Hello friends, welcome to my website “Learn Marathi through English-Hindi”.

Here I am trying to introduce you the fundamentals of Marathi through English. But at some places I have taken help of examples from Hindi.

Hindi and Marathi both follow same script i.e. Devanagari. Pronunciation of letters is same. So those who can read-write Hindi, for them reading Marathi is easy. They will save their time learning pronunciation.

So if you know Hindi, this journey to learn Marathi will be comparatively easy.

But those who do not know Hindi need not feel upset, but they just need to put little more effort learning script and pronunciation.

My own experience says that reading the language from its own script helps a lot. So learn Devanagari script first. So learning Marathi will be easier if you read it directly from Devanagari instead of Romanized.

For most of the examples transliteration is given in Roman script is as well. This is for convenience of search-ability on internet.

Conventions for writing Marathi/Hindi in Roman is given here

Vowels, Consonants in Marathi and their pronunciations

http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/lessons/marathi-barakahadi-symbols-for-vowels-with-consonants-2/

 

While learning language, the student is very excited and he want to speak the full sentences as early as possible. He wants to be able to communicate from day 1. Obviously it will not be possible, because you have just used few words !! you can not communicate everything from these few words. Realization of this fact de-motivates the student.  So many language learning programs shower the student with list of full sentences. This looks good first, but it does not teach how to prepare sentence. So thou you know 100 sentences, you are helpless to create 101st sentence yourself.

Here comes the necessity of learning grammar.

Students think that learning grammar is very tedious. And try to run away from it. Spoon feeding i.e. list of pre-created sentences will just keep u handicapped. So learn grammar, stand on your own feet and enjoy the journey.

So I have decided to keep fine balance between “ready made sentences” and grammar. So by speaking ready-made-full sentences you can keep alive you excitement. And by grammar you will nurture your foundation.

You can master the pronunciation of Marathi by watching around 150 audio-video clips at my YouTube channel.

YouTube Channel name :- Learn Marathi with Kaushik Lele

https://www.youtube.com/c/KaushikLele_Learn_Marathi

So friends let us start the journey. Welcome to the world of Marathi. The language having history of around 1000 years, rich with its literature, philosophy, widespread influence in society.

Welcome !!!

Lessons
  • In Hindi sometimes we say future tense sentences like मै जानेवाला हूं ( mai jAnevAlA hUM ) तू करनेवाला है  ( tU karanewAlA hai  ) वो गानेवाली है  ( wo gAnewAlI hai  )   In English such sentence are formed using “going to” phrase.  “He will come?” can also be said as “He is going to come” etc. [...]
  • Suppose we want to call our friends for some action , we will say “चलो क्रिकेट खेलें”( chalo krikeT kheleM ), “चलो, सिनेमा देखें” ( chalo, sinemA dekheM ) ,”आज गणित पढें क्या ?” ( Aj gaNit paDheM kyA ? ) etc.  These sentences are said in Marathi as follows :-  चलो क्रिकेट खेलें ( chalo krikeT kheleM ) चला क्रिकेट खेळूया [...]
  • In Hindi sentences like “Let him play”, “Let me say” are said as उसे खेलने दो ( use khelane do )मुझे जाने दो ( mujhe jAne do )  In Marathi such sentence is formed by appending “ऊ दे”( U de) to verb. This is an imperative/command statement. So when saying somenone with respect you will append “ऊ द्या” (U [...]
  • In Hindi we say sentences like  “मै करता था”,”तुम बोलते थे” to indicate repetitive events.Similar sentences are said in Marathi as follows :- मै करता था  ( mai karatA thA  ) मी करायचो  ( mI karAyacho )   वह लडकी बोलती थी ( vah laDakI bolatI thI  ) ती मुलगी बोलायची (tI mulagI bolAyachI )  वह लडका रोज नाचता था ( vah laDakA roj nAchatA [...]
  • In in Hindi we say “मै बोल सकता हूं(mai bol sakatA hUM)“, “वह गा सकता है(vah gA sakatA hai )” . The verb “सकना”(sakanA) in Hindi is “शकणे” (shakaNe ) in Marathi. The sentence formation is कर्ता    verb+ऊ(U)    form of “शकणे”  as per tense, gender and multiplicity of कर्ता. मी                      खाऊ                     शकतो Like in Hindi for of verb “शकणे” (shakaNe ) is prepared [...]
  • In Hindi we say sentences like “अगर तुम आते तो मै भी आता”, “अगर वह बोलता तो तूने किया होता”. The pair “अगर-तो” ( agar-to) in Hindi is “जर-तर” ( jar-tar) . 1) “अगर-तो” ( agar-to) statements for indicating past actions For details of the grammar rules refer first part of the lesson  Sentence using “If-Then” The sentence structure is [...]
  • In Hindi we use अव्यय (avyay) i.e. prepositions with verb e.g. बोलने के बाद ( bolane ke bAd ), बोलने के लिये (bolane ke liye) , बोलते बोलते ( bolate bolate ) , बोलने में ( bolane meM ) etc.   As you can observe, in Hindi  prepositions viz.  बाद, लिये, में etc. are added to  सामान्य रूप (sAmAnya rUp) of verb viz. “बोलने”   In Marathi also, सामान्य रूप (sAmAnya rUp) [...]
  • Connecting two verbs In Hindi we say खाके देख (khAke dekh), करके जा (karake jA ), गाके सुना  (gAke sunA ). Here we have connected two verbs to indicate the sequence of action.   In Marathi we will suffix ऊन  (Un) to first verb to indicate continuation. बैठके देख ( baiThake dekh ) बसून बघ (basUn bagh)   आके जा (Ake jA ) येऊन जा  (yeUn jA) [...]
  • In Hindi we say “मुझे आम पसंद है” (mujhe Am pasaMd hai), “उसे केक पसंद है(use kek pasaMd hai)“,”उन्हे कुत्ते पसंद थे ( unhe kutte pasMd the)    As we can see the verb “पसंद होना” ( pasaMd honA ) is formed as per the noun. And 2nd विभक्ती (vibhaktI ) is used to indicate who likes. e.g. मुझे/इसे/उसे/हमे/उन्हे [...]
  • In Hindi we use verb समझना ( samajhanA ) which in Marathi is समजणे (samajaNe ) The sentence structure in Marathi and Hindi is same.  i.e. verb form is created as per tense and gender, multiplicity of object     मुझे इसका महत्त्व समझता है ( mujhe isakA mahattv samajhatA hai )   मला याचे महत्व समजते. (malA yAche mahatva samajate) [...]
  • To compare between two person or objects , In Hindi we say, वह मेरेसे बडा है (vah merese baDA hai) ,मै उससे लम्बा हूं (mai usase lambA hUM), वह सबसे मोटा है (vah sabase moTA hai) etc.    In Marathi sentence structure is same.  The word पेक्षा(pekShA) is appended to word with whom you are comparing subject.   The words like जास्त / अधिक [...]
  • In Hindi to indicate a desired behaviour we say उसने पढाई करनी चाहिये (usane paDhAI karanI chAhiye),सबने फल खाने चाहिये (sabane phal khAne chAhiye ) etc.    In Marathi sentence formation is :- Form of कर्ता noun/pronoun as in simple past tense          verb+ “आयला “ (AyalA)       पाहिजे  (pAhije)/ form of हवे (have) as per gender and multiplicity [...]
  • Adjectives in Marathi behave same way as in Hindi. i.e. form of adjective word change as per gender and multiplicity of noun. e.g. In Hindi we say काला घोडा ( kAlA ghoDA ) , काली घोडी ( kAlI ghoDI ), काले घोडे(kAle ghoDe)  We used form काला for पुल्लिंग-एकवचन, काली for स्त्रीलिंग-एकवचन and काले for पुल्लिंग-बहुवचन Consider other adjective सफेद(saphed). We will say सफेद घोडा ( saphed ghoDA ) , सफेद घोडी ( saphed ghoDI ), सफेद घोडे(saphed ghoDe)  Here we used “सफेद” [...]
  • 1) Adjectives indicating general behavior  In Hindi we say बोलनेवाली गुडिया(bolanevAlI guDiyA),  हसनेवाला बच्चा (hasanevAlA bachchA) Here form of verbs बोलना(bolanA), हसना ( hasanA) are used as kind of adjective.    In Marathi same can be achieved by appending णारा (NArA )/ णारी (NArI) / णारे (NAre) to verb depending on gender ie. Masculine, feminine and neuter respectively Examples :- Masculine बोलनेवाला [...]
  • In Hindi we say मुझे आम चाहिये(mujhe Am chAhiye), उसे किताब चाहिये थी(use kitAb chAhiye thI) For such use of Hindi verb “चाहना”(chAhanA ) Marathi verb is “पाहिजे असणे (pAhije asaNe)/ हवे असणे (have asaNe).     Sentence formation is in Marathi is same as in Hindi. In Hindi while forming sentence for  “चाहिये” we use pronoun forms like मुझे, उसे, [...]
  • From title it might not be clear what am I going to teach in this article. Example will make it clear what I mean by this title.   In Hindi we say “जो करेगा वो भरेगा”(jo karegA vo bharegA), जैसा तू बोलेगा वैसा मैं करूंगा (jaisA tU bolegA vaisA maiM karUMgA),जहां जाओ वहां खुशिया है (jahAM jAo [...]
  • In Hindi we say मुझे घर जाना है(mujhe ghar jAnA hai), उसे क्रिकेट देखना था(use krikeT dekhanA thA), मुझे आज काम खतम करना है (mujhe Aj kAm khatam karanA hai) etc.   जाना है,करना है, देखना था indicate desire for some activity.   In Marathi such sentence formation is :-    Form of subject with preposition “to”   [...]
  • A Hindi speaking police may say about a thief मै उससे सच बुलवाऊंगा(mai usase sach bulavAUMgA). A servant may complain about his master as  वह मेरेसे काम करवाएगा (vah merese kAm karavAegA )  So here one person is forcing other person to take some action.  In English we use sentences like “I will make him work”, “That joke [...]
  • By now we have studied many grammar concepts including tense. We have seen the forms of verb in simple past tense is base of perfect tenses and other phrases. We have also observed that few verbs behave differently when their past tense form is created.   As per rule we append लो(lo) to verb to create [...]
  • Refer below links to know numbers in Marathi Numbers in Marathi part 1:-   http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/numbers-in-marathi-part-1-zero-to-eighty/ Numbers in Marathi part 2:-   http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/07/numbers-in-marathi-part-2.html   Fractional numbers, sequence, percentage in Marathi :-  http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2013/03/numbers-in-marathi-part-3.html
  • To indicate uncertainty in Hindi we say. शायद मै जाऊंगा (shAyad mai jAUMgA , शायद वह ये काम करेगा ( shAyad vah ye kAm karegA ).   In Marathi, sentence are formed similarly as in Hindi.i.e. Sentence is formed in simple future tense, and a word like कदाचित (kadAchit), एखादवेळेस (ekhAdaveLes) etc. is said to indicate uncertainty. Example :- शायद वह [...]
  • Whenever we want to indicate that other person has to do some action, in Hindi we say, तुझे जाना पडेगा (tujhe jAnA paDegA),उसे दवाई लेनी पडेगी ( use davAI lenI paDegI), सलीम तुझे बदलना होगा (salIm tujhe badalanA hogA). In Marathi sentences structure is similar to Hindi. And it is formed using verb लागणे  (“lAgaNe”) as follows :-  Form of [...]
  • To ask permission politely, we say in Hindi, क्या मैं अन्दर आऊं (kyA maiM andar AUM ), क्या मैं अपनी बात कहूं (kyA maiM apanI bAt kahUM)   In Marathi we ask such questions as this format :-  subject ( मी/आम्ही )   verb+ऊ       का  ? e.g. For verb आना (AnA) i.e. “ये”(ye)  -> मी येऊ का ? [...]
  • In Hindi we give blessing like  भगवान तुम्हारा भला करे(bhagavAn tumhArA bhalA kare), ईश्वर तुम्हे सद्बुद्धी दे (Ishvar tumhe sadbuddhI de). Or we express wish like दुकान जल्दी खुल जाये (dukAn jaldI khul jAye), वह ये काम कर डालें (vah ye kAm kar DAleM)   In Marathi we say such wishes by appending ओ(o) for singular and ओत(ot) to plural. e.g. for [...]
  • Exclamations or विस्मयादिबोधक are an attractive part of any language. It conveys feeling with added weight. In English we say “Oh My God!!” , “Oh No!! ” “How beautiful” etc. In Hindi we say “हे भगवान”(he bhagavAn), कितना सुंदर (kitanA suMdar) etc.  Marathi language also has many exclamations.   Marathi language has many dialects and different styles of [...]
  • In Hindi we emphasize word by appending ही(hI) to it. e.g. मैने ही (maine hI), तूने ही(tUne hI), कल ही (kal hI)  In Marathi we use च(ch) to emphasize on word. च(ch) is one-size-fits-all kind of suffix. You can add it कर्ता (kartA) i.e. doer of action, कर्म (karm) noun, verb or any other word which you want to emphasize.Let us see examples :- मैने [...]
  • Consider the conversation 1)  किसने यह गंदगी मचायी (kisane yah gaMdagI machAyI ) किसिने तो  ( kisine to )   तुम यह कैसे करोगे ( tum yah kaise karoge ) कैसे तो, लेकीन करूंगा (kaise to, lekIn karUMgA )   When we are not sure about the thing we say किसिने तो, कैसे तो, कोई भी , कहीं भी etc.  [...]
  • In Hindi we ask “इसका मतलब क्या”(isakA matalab kyA) ? “मतलब” in Hindi is अर्थ(arth) in Marathi.  इसका मतलब क्या(isakA matalab kyA) ? त्याचा अर्थ काय (tyAchA arth kAy) ?उस सूचना फलक का मतलब क्या ( us sUchanA phalak kA matalab kyA) त्या पाटीचा अर्थ काय ( tyA pATIchA arth kAy )उसके भाषणका मतलब क्या था ( usake bhAShaNakA [...]
  • In Hindi we say मेरे पास घर है(mere pAs ghar hai), मेरे पास गाडी है(mere pAs gADI hai). Such sentences are said in Marathi, exact same way.  In Marathi such sentences are formed as follows :- सामन्यरूप(sAmanyarUp) form of my/his/ ‘s etc. जवळ(javaL)/ कडे(kaDe ) noun form of “to be” i.e.असणे (asaNe) as per tense and gender, multiplicity [...]
  • सोचना  ( sochanA ) in Hindi is विचार करणे ( vichAr karaNe ) in Marathi      “To Think” in English is  मै गणित के बारे में सोच रहा हू  ( mai gaNit ke bAre meM soch rahA hU )  मी गणिताबद्दल विचार करत आहे ( mI gaNitAbaddal vichAr karat Ahe ) वह उच्च शिक्षा के बारे में सोच रही [...]
  • Conjunctions are words that join two or more words or phrases or clauses. Here we will learn frequently used Hindi conjunctions and their Marathi synonyms. We will start with frequently use conjunctions and then move to less used ones 1) और (aur ):- आणि ( ANi ), व (v) वह और मैं (vah aur maiM)  तो आणि/व मी  (to [...]
  • 7) जैसा(jaisA)/जैसी(jaisI):- जसा( jasA) Like in Hindi depending on gender and multiplicity of object form of जसा( jasA) will change जसा-जशी-जसे-जसे-जश्या-जशी ( jasA-jashI-jase-jase-jashyA-jashI) as per आ-ई-ए-ए-या-ई (A-I-e-e-yA-I) rule e.g. जैसी आपकी इच्छा, सहाब (jaisI ApakI ichChA, sahAb ) जशी आपली इच्छा, साहेब ( jashI ApalI ichChA, sAheb )   वह जैसे जर रहा है वैसेही कर (vah jaise jar rahA hai vaisehI kar ) तो [...]
  • 15) जैसे ही (jaise hI ) :-  __ल्या __ल्या (_lyA __lyA) The suffix ल्या is appended to past tense form of verb and it is said twice. जैसे ही वह आता है मुझे बताना (jaise hI vah AtA hai mujhe batAnA ) तो आल्या आल्या मला सांग (to AlyA AlyA malA sAMg) जैसे ही वह देखती है वह भाग गया (jaise vah dekhatI hai vah [...]
  • Conjunctions are discussed over 3 previous lessons. So here I have listed all the conjunction and link to corresponding lesson   और (aur ), लेकिन (lekin), फिर भी (phir bhI ) , क्योंकी (kyoMkI ) ,इसलिये  (isaliye ), कि (ki)    http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/conjunction-in-marathi-hindi-part-1/   जैसा(jaisA)/जैसी(jaisI),  या (yA) , अगर-तो (agar-to ) , बादमें (bAdameM),फिर(phir),जब तक-तब तक (jab tak-tab tak ), जहां तक (jahAM tak), जहां तक __ का [...]
  • In English we have two voices. “Active voice” and “Passive voice”. In Marathi such “voice” is called “प्रयोग”(prayog). There are three types of “प्रयोग”(prayog) in Marathi. कर्तरी प्रयोग ( kartarI prayog ) कर्मणी प्रयोग ( karmaNI prayog ) भावे प्रयोग ( bhAve prayog )   कर्तरी प्रयोग ( kartarI prayog ) refers to a sentence construction in which the verb changes [...]
  • In previous lesson we learned how to say sentences in passive voice in Marathi ( Refer :- http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2013/05/active-passive-voice-in-marathi.html ) There is another way to say sentences in passive voice using verb येणे (yeNe) Sentence structure is almost similar to previous style with minor changes. We do not use simple past tense form of main verb. Instead we use  verb + ण्यात(NyAt) [...]
  • Till now we have worked on pronouns. Let us move towards other nouns and proper nouns. Major difference in English and Marathi is in determining gender and plural forms. In English generally non-living objects are considred neuter gender. But in Marathi even non-living objects can have masculine or feminine gender. e.g Mango i.e. आंबा (AMbA) is masculine. [...]
  • In Hindi we say, मै करते रहता हूं(mai karate rahatA hUM), वह गाते रहता है(vah gAte rahatA hai ). By saying so we indicate the continuity of action. In English we use “To keep doing” form of sentence. e.g I keep trying even if I fail. He kept speaking until all slept. Do not stop, keep [...]
  • In Hindi we say मुझे उसका नाम पता है ( mujhe usakA nAm patA hai ), उसे दुश्मनोंका प्लान पता था ( use dushmanoMkA plAn patA thA). In Marathi we use verb “माहीत असणे”( mAhIt asaNe ). Sentence formation is similar to Hindi. And as expected verb “माहीत असणे” will be formed as per gender and multiplicity of object.   मुझे तुम्हारा [...]
  • In Marathi adverbs are created by different ways. Below I have discussed different ways in which adverbs are formed, but there is no specific rule which dictates which way to use when.It is just custom that dictates the creation of adverbsSo as you will read more and more Marathi you will understand different adverbs. If noun [...]
  • Like in any other language Marathi also has many ways to abuse or curse or using swear words. In hindi it is called गाली(gAlI). Its plural is गालियां   (gAliyAM) In Marathi such word is called शिवी(shivI). Its plural is शिव्या (shivyA). To curse/ To abuse is called as शिवी/शिव्या देणे (shivI/shivyA deNe) or  शिविगाळ करणे (shivigAL karaNe)   Intention [...]
  • Below table lists words related to time :-   Hindi Marathi आज ( Aj ) आज ( Aj  ) कल /आनेवाला कल  ( kal /AnewAlA kal)  उद्या  (udyA) कल / गया कल ( kal  /gayA kal)  काल ( kAl ) परसो ( paraso ) परवा ( paravA ) सुबह ( subaha ) सकाळ ( sakAL ) दोपहर ( dopahar ) दुपार ( dupAr  ) शाम ( shAm ) संध्याकाळ ( saMdhyAkAL ) [...]
  • Verbs are not given in alphabetical order instead I have tried to match order in our daily routine. This is as per my friend’s suggestion as this technique helped him when he learnt new language. By studying them in this sequence you can speak with your self every time you do some activity.   This is Part -1 [...]
  • Below I have listed few more frequently used verbs in Marathi. More verbs in next lesson    Verb in English Verb in Hindi Verb in Marathi & Transliteration To have lunch/dinner भोजन करना  ( bhojan karanA ) जेवणे jevaNe To chitchat गपशप करना  ( gapashap karanA  ) गप्पा मारणे gappA mAraNe To buy खरीदना ( kharIdanA ) विकत घेणे vikat gheNe To [...]
  • Verbs in Marathi continues.. Part 3   Verb in English Verb in Hindi Verb in Marathi & Transliteration accept स्वीकार करना    ( svIkAr karanA  ) स्वीकारणे svIkAraNe give देना ( denA ) देणे deNe take लेना ( lenA ) घेणे gheNe bring लाना ( lAnA ) आणणे ANaNe help मदद करना ( madad karanA ) मदत करणे madat karaNe complain शिकायत करना ( shikAyat karanA ) तक्रार करणे takrAr [...]
  • Verbs in Marathi continues.. Part 4   Verb in English Verb in Hindi Verb in Marathi & Transliteration fly उडना ( uDanA ) उडणे uDaNe forget भूलना ( bhUlanA ) विसरणे visaraNe remember याद आना ( yAd AnA ) आठवणे AThavaNe Get boar ऊबना ( UbanA ) कंटाळणे kaMTALaNe know पता होना (patA honA ) महिती असणे   mahitI asaNe leave छोडना ( ChoDanA ) सोडणे soDaNe [...]
  • Relation in English Relation in Hindi Relation in Marathi Relation रिश्ता  (rishtA ) नाते(nAte) Relative / Relatives रिश्तेदार  (rishtedAr ) नातेवाईक(nAtevAIk) Self खुद (khud) स्वतः(swatH) Mother मॉं (m~oM) आई(AI) Father पिताजी (pitAjI) वडील / बाबा(vaDIl / bAbA) Brother भाई (bhAI) भाऊ(bhAU) Elder brother बडा भाई  (baDA bhAI ) दादा ( dAdA) Sister बहन (bahan) बहीण(bahIN) Elder sister बडी बहन(baDI bahan)  / दीदी (dIdI ) ताई (tAI) Direct brother सगा भाई (sagA bhAI) सख्खा भाऊ(sakhkhA bhAU) Direct sister सगी बहन (sagI bahan) सख्खी बहीण(sakhkhI bahIN) Grand [...]
  • Below I have mentioned frequently used adjectives in Marathi.  As studied before, the form of adjective changes depending on gender and multiplicity of noun to which it is describing.  Revisit the post  http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in/2013/04/adjectives-in-marathi.html to understand the concept.  The list below is form of respective adjective for masculine-singular. Using rules mentioned in above said post, create forms for [...]
  • For grammar details related to adverbs in Marathi i.e.  मराठी क्रियाविशेषण (marAThI kriyAvisheShaN ) please refer  http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in/2013/05/adverbs-in-marathi-marathi.html Below is list of commonly used adverbs in Marathi English adverb Hindi  adverb हिन्दीक्रियाविशेषण Marathi adverb मराठी क्रियाविशेषण A bit जरासा  (jarAsA ) थोडासा (thoDAsA)  A lot बहुत (bahut) खूप (khUp)  Aback पहले (pahale) पूर्वी (pUrvI)  Absolutely बिल्कुल / पूर्णतया(bilkul / pUrNatayA) पूर्णपणे (pUrNapaNe)  Accordingly अनुसार  (anusAr ) [...]
  • Below I have listed parts of human body. Sequence is from top to bottom.   I have avoided listing those organs which are not referred in routine conversation.  For synonyms of other organs (especially internal organs) you will need to refer dictionary. But for general conversation below list will be sufficient as list contains 70 [...]
  • English Name Hindi Name Marathi Name Bear भालू(bhAlU) अस्वल(asval) Buffalo भैंस(bhaiMs) म्हैस(mhais) Camel उंट(uMT) उंट(uMT) Cat बिल्ली(billI) मांजर(mAMjar) Cheetah तेंदुआ(teMduA) चित्ता(chittA) Cow गाय(gAy) गाय(gAy) Deer हिरन(hiran) हरीण(harIN) Dog कुत्ता(kuttA) कुत्रा(kutrA) Donkey गधा(gadhA) गाढव(gADhav) Elephant हाथी(hAthI) हत्ती(hattI) Fox लोमडी(lomaDI) कोल्हा(kolhA) Fish मछली (maChalI ) मासा (mAsA) Frog मेंढक  ( meMDhak) बेडूक (beDUk ) Giraffe जिराफ(jirAph) जिराफ(jirAph) Goat बकरी(bakarI) शेळी(sheLI) Male goat [...]
  • List of names of birds in Marathi   English Name Marathi  Name Hindi Name Ostrich शहामृग(shahAmRug) शुतुर मुर्ग(shutur murg) Cock कोंबडा(koMbaDA) मुर्गा(murgA) Hen कोंबडी(koMbaDI) मुर्गी(murgI) Goose / swan हंस(haMs) हंस(haMs) Sparrow चिमणी(chimaNI) गौरेया(gaureyA) Peacock मोर(mor) मोर(mor) Crane बगळा(bagaLA) बगुला (bagulA) Stork करकोचा (karakochA) सारस (sAras) Eagle गरूड(garUD) गरूड(garUD) Parrot पोपट(popaT) तोता(totA) Duck बदक(badak) बतख(batakh) Owl घुबड(ghubaD) उल्लू(ullU) pigeon कबूतर(kabUtar) कबूतर(kabUtar) cuckoo [...]
  • English Name Hindi Name Marathi Name Ant चींटी(chIMTI) मुंगी(muMgI) Bed bug खटमल(khaTamal) ढेकुण(DhekuN) Butterfly तितली(titalI) फुलपाखरू(phulapAkharU) Spider मकडी(makaDI) कोळी(koLI) Cockroach तिलचट्टा(tilachaTTA) झुरळ(jhuraL) Beetle भौंरा(bhauMrA) भुंगा(bhuMgA) Fly मक्खी(makkhI) माशी(mAshI) Louse जूं(jUM) ऊ(U) Mosquito मच्छर(machChar) डास (DAs ) Lizard छिपकली(ChipakalI) सरडा(saraDA) House Lizard छिपकली(ChipakalI) पाल(pAl) Grasshopper टिड्डी(TiDDI) नाकतोडा(nAkatoDA) Flea पिस(pis)/पिस्सू(pissU) पिसू (pisU) centipede चालिसपद(chAlisapad) / गोजर (gojar) गोम(gom)/ घोण (ghoN)
  • Name of colours in Marathi English Name Hindi  Name Marathi Name Red लाल(lAl) लाल  (lAl  )/ तांबडा (tAMbaDA ) Yellow पीला(pIlA) पिवळा(pivaLA) Green हरा(harA) हिरवा(hiravA) Blue नीला(nIlA) निळा(niLA) Purple बैंगनी(baiMganI) जांभळा  (jAMbhaLA ) Brown ब्राउन(brAun) भुरा (bhurA) / तपकिरी (tapakirI) Black काला(kAlA) काळा(kALA) White सफेद(saphed) पांढरा(pAMDharA) Pink गुलाबी(gulAbI) गुलाबी(gulAbI) Grey ग्रे(gre) करडा(karaDA) Orange नरंगी(naraMgI) नारींगी(nArIMgI) Saffron भगवा(bhagavA) भगवा केशरी(bhagavA kesharI) Sky Blue आसमानी(AsamAnI) [...]
  • List of names of flowers in Marathi   English Name / Glossary name Hindi Name Marathi Name Night cestrum  रात की रानी (rAt kI rAnI) रातराणी(rAtarANI) Annona Hexapetala  चम्पा(champA) चाफा(chAphA) Chrysanthemums शेवंती(shevaMtI) शेवंती(shevaMtI) Calotropis gingantea or Giant milkweed  रूई(rUI) रूई(rUI) Crape Jasmine or Pinwheel  चांदनी (chAMdanI) तगर(tagar) Common Jasmine  जुई(juI) जुई(juI) Jasmin or Jasminum grandiflorum चमेली(chamelI) [...]
  • ew learners face problem in knowing gender of Marathi words. They face problem in creating plural of Marathi word. And they also face problem in creating form of word while applying propositions etc.   This is an attempt to list frequently used Marathi words along with their plural, gender and form.   So do enjoy this Marathi [...]
  • List of Vegetable names in Marathi. Interestingly even vegetables have different genders in Marathi. And as seen before their plural is different depending on gender and ending vowel.   Hindi Name Marathi Name Gender Plural in Marathi पेठा  (peThA ) कोहळा (kohaLA) Masc कोहळे (kohaLe) बैंगन  (baiMgan) वांगे  (vAMge ) Neuter वांगी (vAMgI) कच्चा केला [...]
  • Interestingly even fruits have different genders in Marathi. And plural depends on gender. So mentioned that as well. Hindi Name Marathi Name Gender Plural सेब  (seb ) सफरचंद (sapharachaMd ) Neuter सफरचंदं (sapharachaMdM) खूबानि (khUbAni) जर्दाळू  (jardALU ) Neuter जर्दाळू (jardALU) केला  ( kelA   )  केळे (keLe) Neuter केळी (keLI) जामुन  (jAmun ) जांभुळ  (jAMbhuL ) Neuter जांभळे  (jAMbhaLe ) चिकु (chiku) चिक्कु (chikku ) Masculine [...]
  • Suppose you want an help and you want to get attention of a person in front of you. In English you may say “Hello!”, “Hey”, “Friend” etc. In Hindi we say “अरे भाई (are bhAI), अरे भैया(are bhaiyA) etc. These words “Hello!”, “Hey” etc. is what I mean by the title “Calling or Addressing” someone.The [...]
  • While speaking any language the pronunciations can be slightly different than bookish/written language. We tend to use short form of verbs. e.g. in English He will – He’ ll I had – I’d  etc.   Similarly in Marathi while speaking form of verbs or form of words are pronounced bit differently. It is discussed below :- [...]
  • Below I have summarized few frequently used Greetings, Wishes, Blessings and Slogans in Marathi. Please note that they are NOT word to word translation from Hindi to Marathi. These are the ways how a native Marathi speaker will greet you in particular occasion. Please go through below :- शुभकामनाएं (shubhakAmanAeM) शुभेच्छा (shubhechChA) ढेर सारी शुभकामनाएं [...]
  • Simple Marathi conversation – Asking addressFrequently used words while describing an address. English Hindi Marathi Straight सीधा (sIdhA) सरळ (saraL) Left बाया (bAyA) डावे (DAve) To left बायीं ओर (bAyIM or) डावीकडे (DAvIkaDe) Right दहिना  (dahinA ) उजवे (ujave) To right दाईं ओर (dAIM or) उजवीकडे (ujavIkaDe) Behind पीछे (pIChe) मागे (mAge) In-front सामने (sAmane) समोर  (samor ) Next आगे (Age) पुढे (puDhe) Till तक (tak) पर्यंत (paryaMt) After बादमें (bAdameM) नंतर (naMtar) Near पास (pAs) जवळ (javaL) Far [...]
  • Study below a short conversation between shopkeeper and his customer :-   Hindi Sentence हिन्दी वाक्य Marathi sentence मराठी वाक्य एक किलो शक्कर दो (ek kilo shakkar do) एक किलो साखर द्या (ek kilo sAkhar dyA) ये लो (ye lo) ही घ्या (hI ghyA) क्या “गुड–डे” बिस्किट है ? (kyA “guD-De” biskiT hai ?) “गुड डे” बिस्किट आहे का ? (guD De biskiT Ahe kA ?) है (hai) आहे (Ahe) दो पॅक दो (do p~ak do) दोन पुडे द्या (don puDe dyA) [...]
  • हिन्दी  Hindi मराठी  Marathi  टिळक रोड आओगे क्या (TiLak roD Aoge kyA)                                     टिळक रोड ला येणार का ? (TiLak roD lA yeNAr kA ? )  नही (nahI) नाही (nAhI) क्यू (kyU) का ? (kA ?) मुझे कोथरूड,बाणेर की सवारी चाहिये  (mujhe kotharUD,bANer kI savArI chAhiye ) मला कोथरूड, बाणेरचे भाडे हवे आहे (malA kotharUD, bANerache bhADe have aahe) ठीक है (Thik hai) बरं (baraM ) —————————————- —————————————– टिळक रोड आओगे क्या (TiLak roD Aoge kyA) टिळक रोड ला येणार का ? (TiLak roD lA yeNAr kA ?) हां. बैठिये (hAM. baiThiye) हो, बसा (ho, [...]
  • Conversation between a young going on vehicle on road with traffic police who caught him from jumping signal. Sentences marked in yellow are of police. अरे ए, गाडी बाजूला घे (are e, gADI bAjUlA ghe ) अरे गाडी बाजू में ले लो. (are gADI bAjU meM le lo.) ऐकू नाही आलं का रे ? (aikU nAhI AlaM kA re ? ) सुनाई नही दिया ? [...]
  • An usual conversation between doctor and patient.Rows highlighted in yellow are dialogues of patient.   Hindi हिन्दी Marathi मराठी  आओ. बैठो (Ao. baiTho) या, बसा. (yA, basA.) क्या हो रहा है (kyA ho rahA hai) काय होतंय. (kAy hotaMy.) सर्दी हुई है (sardI huI hai) सर्दी झालिये (sardI jhAliye) बुखार आया है (bukhAr AyA hai) ताप आलाय (tAp AlAy) कबसे (kabase) कधीपासून (kadhIpAsUn) कल सुबह से (kal subaha se) काल सकाळ पासून (kAl sakAL pAsUn) ठीक है. वहा लेटियें (Thik hai. vahA leTiyeM) बरं. तिकडे झोपा. (barM. tikaDe jhopA.) [...]
  • Simple Marathi Conversation – Teacher & Students Sentences highlighted in Yellow are of students.   गुड मॉर्निंग टीचर ( guD morniMg TIchar  ) गुड मॉर्निंग बाई/मॅडम (guD morniMg bAI/maDam ) गुड मॉर्निंग बच्चो ( guD morniMg baccho ) गुड मॉर्निंग मुलांनो (guD morniMg mulAMno ) बैठो( baiTho ) बसा(basA ) यह भुगोल का पिरियड है ना ? ( yah [...]
  • Simple Marathi Conversation – on telephone हॅलो (“Hello”) हॅलो (“Hello”) हॅलो (“Hello”) हॅलो (“Hello”) मै कौशिक बोल रहा हूं (mai kaushik bol rahA hUM) मी कौशिक बोलतोय (mI kaushik bolatoy) हां, बोलिये (hAM, boliye) हं बोला (haM bolA) क्या यह “जोशी“जी का नंबर है ? (kyA yah “joshI”jI kA naMbar hai ? ) हा जोश्यांचा नंबर आहे ना   (hA joshyAMchA naMbar Ahe nA  ) जोशी जी का घर ना ? (joshI jI kA ghar nA ? ) जोश्यांचं घर ना  (joshyAMchM ghar nA ) हां (hAM) हो (ho) मुझे वैभव जोशी से बात करनी थी [...]
  • A typical conversation between two software engineers when they meet outside one software park.   Here I have used all the short forms described in the section    http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/07/short-forms-in-spoken-marathi.html   In Marathi conversation use of English words is quite common. So I have kept them as it is instead of giving their Marathi translation. Because [...]
  • “Please” in Marathi is “कृपया” (kRupayA ) and “Thanks” is “धन्यवाद” (dhanyavAd). But these Marathi words are used only in very formal conversation. In day to day life every one prefers to say “Thank you”, “Please” etc. !!   Go through below sentences generally used in Hotel or Snacks Bars :-    दोस्त, मेनूकार्ड दोगे क्या ? (dost, menUkArD doge [...]
  • तू कुठे आहेस (tU kuThe Ahes) तू कहां है (tU kahAM hai) तुम्ही कुठे आहात (tumhI kuThe AhAt) आप कहां हो  (Ap kahAM ho ) मी इकडे आहे (mI ikaDe Ahe) मै यहां हूं (mai yahAM hUM) मी तिकडे आहे (mI tikaDe Ahe) मै वहां हूं (mai vahAM hUM) मी ऑफिसामधे आहे (mI ~ophisAmadhe Ahe) मै ऑफिसमें हूं (mai ~ophisameM hUM) मी गच्चीवर आहे (mI gachchIvar Ahe) मै छत पर हूं (mai Chat par hUM) मी रस्त्यात आहे (mI rastyAt Ahe) मै रास्ते में हूं (mai rAste meM hUM) मी वाटेत आहे (mI vATet Ahe) मै रास्ते में हूं (mai rAste meM hUM) तू कुठे गेला होतास (tU kuThe gelA hotAs) [...]
  • आज बहुत गर्म हो रहा है (Aj bahut garm ho rahA hai) आज खूप गरम होते आहे (Aj khUp garam hote Ahe) आज बहुत गर्म और आर्द्र है (Aj bahut garm aur Ardr hai) आज खूप उकडते आहे (Aj khUp ukaDate Ahe) कल ठंड थी (kal ThaMD thI) काल थंडी होती (kAl thaMDI hotI) मुझे लगा आज भी ठंडक रहेगी (mujhe lagA Aja bhI ThaMDak rahegI) मला वाटले आजही गारवा राहील ( malA vATale AjahI gAravA rAhIl ) बारिश हो रही है (bArish ho rahI hai) पाऊस पडतो आहे (pAUs paDato [...]
  • We have already studied numbers in Marathi. Revisit that section before you read below sentences. http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in/2013/04/numbers-in-marathi.html Also read other time related words in article http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in/2013/03/time-related-words-etc.html Notice the difference between वाजले(vAjale) and वाजता (vAjatA) in Marathi sentences वाजता(vAjatA) is used when you are answering to a time related question. To literally translate it in Hindi, बजने पर (bajane par) e.g. वह कितने [...]
  • These are simple sentences related to Salutation or introduction when you meet some person. The way you greet in Marathi can be little different than that of Hindi. It is because of cultural difference.  So do read article about saying “तू-तुम-आप” in Marathi.  http://learn-marathi-from-hindi-kaushiklele.blogspot.in/2013/03/saying-tum-aap-in-marathi.html   Good morning/evening/night :- In Marathi there is no custom of [...]
  • List of Vegetables can be found at http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.com/2013/05/list-of-vegetable-names-in-marathi.html मौसी भींडी कैसे दी  (mausI bhIMDI kaise dI ) मावशी, भेंडी कशी दिली (mAvashI, bheMDI kashI dilI ) पांच को पाव किलो (pAMch ko pAv kilo ) पाच ला पाव  (pAcha lA pAv  ) आधे का कितना (Adhe kA kitanA ) अर्धाचे किती (ardhAche kitI ) दस को आधा (das ko AdhA ) दहाला अर्धा. (dahAlA ardhA. ) और गोबी (aur gobI ) आणि कोबी (ANi kobI ) दस का पांव, अठारह का आधा (das kA pAMv, [...]
  • मुझे हिंजवडी जाना है. बस कहां से मिलेगी ? (mujhe hiMjavaDI jAnA hai. bas kahAM se milegI ? ) मला हिंजवडीला जायचं आहे. बस कुठून मिळेल ? (malA hiMjavaDIlA jAyachM Ahe. bas kuThUn miLel ? ) यहां नही. आगे जाओ. (yahAM nahI. Age jAo. ) इथे नाही. पुढे जा. (ithe nAhI. puDhe jA. ) आगे कहां ? (Age kahAM ? ) पुढे कुठे? (puDhe kuThe? ) उस पूल के नीचे (us pUl ke nIche ) त्या पुला खाली (tyA pulA khAlI ) अच्छा. थॅंक्स  (achChA. [...]
  • Sentences related to Love and proposing some one. This will answer general questions like “How to say I love you in Marathi”, “How to propose a girl in Marathi”. Those sentences which will change as per gender of the speaker are mentioned accordingly e.g.(Boy to Girl) or (Girl to Boy). If nothing is mentioned then [...]
  • Hindi Marathi नमस्ते(namaste) हॅलो /नमस्कार (h~alo /namaskAr ) नमस्ते(namaste) हॅलो / नमस्कार (h~alo / namaskAr ) बैठिये(baiThiye) बसा (basA ) आपका रेज्युमे दिखाईये (ApakA rejyume dikhAIye) तुमचा रेझ्युमे बघू (tumachA rejhyume baghU ) ये लीजिये(ye lIjiye) हा घ्या (hA ghyA ) मुझे जरा आपके बारे में बताईये (mujhe jarA Apake bAre meM batAIye) मला जरा तुमच्या बद्दल सांगा (malA jarA tumachyA baddal sAMgA ) मेरा नाम कौशिक लेले (merA nAm kaushik lele) माझं नाव कौशिक लेले (mAjhM nAv kaushik lele [...]
  • Below is conversation between a lady with her maid. Dialogues of lady are highlighted in yellow.    आईए मौसी(AIe mausI) या मावशी (yA mAvashI) क्या आप हमारे यहां काम करोगी ? (kyA Ap hamAre yahAM kAm karogI ?) आमच्याकडचं काम कराल का?  (AmachyAkaDachM kAm karAl kA? ) क्या क्या काम है ? (kyA kyA kAm hai ?) काय काय काम आहे? (kAy kAy kAm Ahe?) कपडे [...]
  • Many of the learners of my tutorials are learning Marathi for competitive exams like bank, post , civil services etc. Recently Language Proficiency tests were conducted & many of the learners passed exam well. I asked them to give more details so that other will get benefited by it. Sbarna has shared her experience below. [...]
  • Like any language, Marathi has many phrases. Learning phrases, idioms, sayings is advanced part of language learning process. Dictionaries & Thesaurus are ideal resources to learn them. So it is not possible to replace them by one or two blogposts. But it is surely possible introduce to phrases.  So in this lesson I am enlisting [...]
  • For first 50 Idioms refer http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2014/01/phrases-in-marathi-different-sentence.html 51) कंगोरे उलगडणे (kaMgore ulagaDaNe)  कंगोरा(kaMgorA) means curve, round edge,  And the idiom means to show the different aspects of something or different shades of a personalities.  Documentary included narration about personal life of Mr.X and it explored unknown sides of his personalities -> ….  Xच्या व्यक्तिमत्त्वाचे कंगोरे उलगडले (chyA vyaktimattvAche kaMgore ulagaDale) 52) मानगुटीवर बसणे (mAnaguTIvar [...]

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