present perfect continuous

In English, we use “perfect continuous” tense to indicate that some action has started in the past and has continued up until now.
e.g. “I have been studying Marathi for the last 2 years”, “She has been working here for the past 1 month”, “He had been standing all day at work” etc.

Style 1)
In Marathi, there is no special tense to match this “has/had been”. So while translating a
“have been” statement -> translate it as if a “present continuous” tense.
“had been” statement – > translate as if “past continuous” tense.
“will have been” statement -> translate as if “future continuous” tense.

i.e.
“He had been saying” can be said as “he was saying” -> तो बोलत होता ( to bolat hotA )
“He has been saying” can be said as “he is saying” -> तो बोलत आहे( to bolat Ahe )
“He will have been saying” can be said as “he will be saying” -> तो बोलत असेल ( to bolat asel )

Style 2) In this style verb येणे(yeNe) is used along with main verb to make it perfect continuous.

The sentence structure for present perfect continuous is

Subject of sentence verb+त(t) verb येणे(yeNe) as per present perfect tense
मी (mI) बोलत(bolat )
आलो आहे (Alo Ahe)

The simple hint is first to translate “I have come” into Marathi and then insert main verb+त(t) to make it perfect continuous.

e.g. If we want to say “I have been saying”. Then first, translate “I have come” i.e. मी आलो आहे ( mI Alo Ahe ). Now the main verb is “to say” i.e. बोल(bol) so we insert बोलत(bolat ) into a sentence to make it

मी बोलत आलो आहे ( mI bolat Alo Ahe )

A further example will make it clear

1) she has been doing
She has come” -> ती आली आहे ( tI AlI Ahe )
She has been saying -> ती बोलत आली आहे ( tI bolat AlI Ahe )

2) They have been dancing
They have come -> ते आले आहेत ( te Ale Ahet )
They have been dancing -> ते नाचत आले आहेत ( te nAchat Ale Ahet )

3) You have been eating mango
You have come -> तुम्ही आला आहात ( tumhI AlA AhAt )
You have been eating mango -> तुम्ही आंबा खात आला आहात ( tumhI AMbA khAt AlA AhAt )

4) I have been working there for the past three years
I have come -> मी आलो आहे( mI Alo Ahe)
I have been working -> मी काम करत आलो आहे( mI kAm karat Alo Ahe )
I have been working there for three years -> मी तिकडे ३ वर्षे काम करत आलो आहे ( mI tikaDe 3 varShe kAm karat Alo Ahe )

Past Perfect Continuous

If you have understood the above part then Past Perfect Continuous is very easy for you.
As you can guess, the only difference here is the form of “येणे(yeNe)” is as per past perfect tense.

Subject of sentence verb+त(t) verb येणे(yeNe) as per past perfect tense
मी (mI) बोलत(bolat )
आलो होतो (Alo hoto)

The simple hint is first to translate “I had come” into Marathi and then insert main verb+त(t) to make it perfect continuous.

1) she had been doing
She had come” -> ती आली होती( tI AlI hotI )
She had been saying -> ती बोलत आली होती( tI bolat AlI hotI)

2) They had been dancing
They had come -> ते आले होते( te Ale hote )
They had been dancing -> ते नाचत आले होते( te nAchat Ale hote )

3) You had been eating mango
You had come -> तुम्ही आला होतात ( tumhI AlA hotAt)
You had been eating mango -> तुम्ही आंबा खात आला होतात tumhI AMbA khAt AlA hotAt )

4) I had been working there for past three years
I had come -> मी आलो होतो ( mI Alo hoto )
I had been working -> मी काम करत आलो होतो ( mI kAm karat Alo hoto )
I had been working there for three years -> मी तिकडे ३ वर्षे काम करत आलो होतो ( mI tikaDe 3 varShe kAm karat Alo hoto )

Future Perfect Continuous

If you have understood the above part then Future Perfect Continuous is very easy for you.
As you can guess, the only difference here is the form of “येणे(yeNe)” is as per future perfect tense.

Subject of sentence verb+त(t) verb येणे(yeNe) as per future perfect tense
मी (mI) बोलत(bolat )
आलो असेन (Alo asen)

The simple hint is first to translate “I will have come” into Marathi and then insert main verb+त(t) to make it perfect continuous.

1) she will have been doing
She will have come” -> ती आली असेल ( tI AlI asel )
She will have been saying -> ती बोलत आली असेल ( tI bolat AlI asel)

2) They had been dancing
They will have come -> ते आले असतील( te Ale asatIl )
They will have been dancing -> ते नाचत आले असतील( te nAchat Ale asatIl )

3) You will have been eating mango
You will have come -> तुम्ही आला असाल( tumhI AlA asAl)
You will have been eating mango -> तुम्ही आंबा खात आला असाल tumhI AMbA khAt AlA asAl)

4) I will have been working there for past three years
I will have come -> मी आलो असेन( mI Alo asen )
I will have been working -> मी काम करत आलो असेन ( mI kAm karat Alo asen )
I will have been working there for three years -> मी तिकडे ३ वर्षे काम करत आलो असेन ( mI tikaDe 3 varShe kAm karat Alo asen )

Listen examples in this lesson

Listen examples in this lesson

Exercise

Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/