We learned the simple past tense for verbs without noun/object.
Now let us learn another type.

RULE FOR FORMING VERB :

The verb is formed as per gender and singular/Plural of the object.

Example 1:
Consider past tense example “I read letter”.
Here the letter is a noun/object.
So in Marathi, the verb “read” i.e “वाच (vAch) will be formed according to “letter”
The letter is third-person singular non-gender ( i.e similar to “it” )

If you refer the previous chart, the suffix for “it” in Simple Past tense is ले ( le )
So verb + suffix -> “वाच” (vAch) + “ले” ( le ) –> वाचले ( vAchale )

Example 2:
“I opened box”
An object is “Box” which is masculine i.e. similar to “he”
So If you refer the previous chart, the suffix for “he” in Simple Past tense is ला ( lA )
So verb + suffix -> “उघड” (ughaD) + “ला” ( lA ) –> उघडला (ughaDalA)

Example 3:
“I opened boxes”
The object is “Boxes” which is masculine plural i.e. similar to “They(plural of he”
So If you refer the previous chart, the suffix for “ They(plural of he)” in Simple Past tense is ले ( le )
So verb + suffix -> “उघड” (ughaD) + “ले” ( le ) –> उघडले (ughaDale)

RULE FOR FORMS of SUBJECT(doer of the action) :

1) For I, We, you there is no change.
2) For “he” in the sentence we will use त्याने ( tyAne )
3) For “she” in the sentence we will use तीने ( tIne )
4) For “It” in the sentence we will use त्याने ( tyAne )
5) For They in the sentence we will use त्यांनी ( tyAMnI )
6) For other pronouns/proper nouns we will suffix ने (ne) to the samanyroop form
e.g. Peter opened box. Then in sentence we will use “Peter” + ने (ne) => पीटरने (pITarane)
Harry opened box. Then in sentence we will use “Harry” + ने (ne) => हॅरीने (h~arIne)
Monkey opened box. Then in sentence we will use “माकडा”(mAkaDA) + ने (ne) => माकडाने (mAkaDAne)
Because samanyroop form of noun माकड(mAkaD) is माकडा (mAkaDA)

7) In plural नी ( nI ) is suffixed to the samanyroop form for the plural of pronoun/noun

E.g. Cars made noise. Cars is गाड्या ( gADyA ). Its samanyroop form is गाड्यां(gADyAM)
So in simple past tense sentence we will use गाड्यां(gADyAM)+नी( nI ) –> गाड्यांनी (gADyAMnI)

All watched cinema.
All = सगळे (sagaLe) Its samanyroop form is सगळ्यां (sagaLyAM). So in past tense sentence, we will use सगळ्यां (sagaLyAM) +नी( nI ) –> सगळ्यांनी (sagaLyAMnI)

Below has this details in tabular format :

Pronoun in English
Pronoun in MarathiForm of Subjective in past tenseTransliteration
I (male)
मी
मी
mI
I (female)
मी
मी
mI
we
आम्ही
आम्हीAmhI
we ( listener including)आपण
आपण
AmhI
You (singular male)तू
तू
tU
You (singular female)
तू
तू
tU
You (plural)
तुम्ही
तुम्ही
tumhI
He / That (m.) / This
(m.)
तो / तो / हा
त्याने
ह्याने
tyAne
hyAne
She / That (f.)/ This (f.)
ती / ती / ही
तीने
हिने
tIne
hine
It / That(n.) / This (n.)ते / ते / हेत्याने
ह्याने
tyAne
hyAne
They (Plural of He) /Those (m.) /These (m.)ते / ते / हेत्यांनी
ह्यांनी
tyAMnI
hyAMnI
They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) त्या / त्या / ह्या
त्यांनी
ह्यांनी
tyAMnI
hyAMnI
They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)ती / ती / हीत्यांनी
ह्यांनी
tyAMnI
hyAMnI

Sentence formation will be
Form of Subjective              Object                  Verb+Suffix as per object
मी ( mI )                                  पत्र (patra )          “वाच” (vAch) + “ले” ( le ) à वाचले ( vAchale )

I read letter –> मी पत्र वाचले

Subjective                               object                  Verb+Suffix as per object
त्याने (tyAne)                            खोका (khokA)     “उघड” (ughaD) + “ला” ( lA ) à उघडला (ughaDalA)

He opened box –> त्याने खोका उघडला

Examples

I painted picture मी चित्र रंगवले ( mI chitra raMgavale )
I ate maggi मी मॅगी खाल्ली (mI m~agI khAllI )
They told story त्यांनी गोष्ट सांगितली (tyAMnI goShTa sAMgitalI
She opened door तीने दरवाजा उघडला (tIne daravAjA ughaDalA)
We waved flags आम्ही झेंडे हलवले (AmhI jheMDe halavale)

When creating sentences for “You(Singular)” extra स(s) is appended to verb form.
When creating sentences for “You(Plural)” extra त(t) is appended to verb form.

Examples:-

I painted picture मी चित्र रंगवले ( mI chitra raMgavale )
You(singu.) painted picture तू चित्र रंगवलेस ( tU chitra raMgavales )
You(plu.) painted picture तुम्ही चित्र रंगवलेत ( tumhI chitra raMgavalet )

I ate maggi मी मॅगी खाल्ली (mI m~agI khAllI )
You(singu.) ate maggi तू मॅगी खाल्लीस (tU m~agI khAllIs )
You(plu.) ate Maggi तुम्ही मॅगी खाल्लीत (tumhI m~agI khAllIt )

They told story त्यांनी गोष्ट सांगितली (tyAMnI goShTa sAMgitalI)
You(singu.) told story तू गोष्ट सांगितलीस (tU goShTa sAMgitalIs)
You(plu.) told story तुम्ही गोष्ट सांगितलीत (tumhI goShTa sAMgitalIt)

Listen examples online

When a person or living thing as object are treated slightly different. They are discussed separately in another lesson
http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2013/05/sentences-with-person-or-living-things.html

Exercise:

Try creating sentences with different verbs using the above rules. Crosscheck them by creating the same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/