Below table list words related to time

EnglishMarathi
Today
आज ( Aj )
Tomorrowउद्या (udyA)
Yesterdayकाल ( kAl )
Day after tomorrow
परवा ( paravA )
Day before yesterday
परवा ( paravA )
Morning
सकाळ ( sakAL )
Afternoonदुपार ( dupAr )
Evening
संध्याकाळ ( saMdhyAkAL )
at Morning
सकाळी ( sakALI )
at afternoonदुपारी ( dupArI )
at evening
संध्याकाळी ( saMdhyAkALI )
when
कधी (kadhI ) / केव्हा ( kevhA)
Now
आत्ता (AttA )
Nowadays
हल्ली (hallI) / सध्या (sadhyA)
Everydayरोज (roj)/ दररोज ( dararoj )
Day
at Day
दिवस (divas)
दिवसा (divasA )
Night
at night
रात्र (rAtra )
रात्री (rAtrI)
Week
आठवडा (AThavaDA)
Monthमहिना (mahinA)
Year
वर्ष ( varSha )

Examples

I am in office now: मी आत्ता ऑफिसमध्ये आहे (mI AttA ~ophisamadhye Ahe )
We play cricket every day: आम्ही रोज क्रिकेट खेळतो (AmhI roj krikeT kheLato)
He comes back from school in the evening : तो संध्याकाळी शाळेतून परत येतो (to saMdhyAkALI shALetUn parat yeto )
When will she dance?: ती कधी/केव्हा नाचेल? (tI kadhI kevhA nAchel ?)

In English, we specify the time as “a.m.” and “p.m.”. In Marathi, we say time by explicitly specifying morning/afternoon/evening/night
E.g.
Meet me at 2 pm -> Meet me at two in the afternoon -> मला दुपारी दोन वाजता भेट. (malA dupArI don vajatA bheT)
Meet me at 2 am -> Meet me at two in night-> मला रात्री दोन वाजता भेट. (malA rAtrI don vajatA bheT)
We work from 10 am to 10 pm -> We work from 10 in the morning to 10 in the night -> आम्ही सकाळी 10 ते रात्री 10 काम करतो (AmhI sakALI 10 te rAtrI 10 kAm karato)

Months

English months are called a little differently in Marathi and Hindi. The below table mentions it.

English Month
Name of English Month in MarathiName of English Month in Hindi
January
जानेवारी (jAnevArI)जनवरी (janavarI)
February
फेब्रुवारी (phebruvArI)फरवरी (pharavarI)
March
मार्च (mArch)मार्च (mArch)
Aprilएप्रिल (epril)अप्रैल (aprail)
Mayमे (me)मई (maI)
Juneजून (jUn)जून (jUn)
Julyजुलै (julai)जुलाई (julAI)
Augustऑगस्ट (~ogasT)अगस्त (agast)
Septemberसप्टेंबर (sapTeMbar)सितंबर (sitaMbar)
October
ऑक्टोबर (~okTobar)
अक्तूबर (aktUbar)
Novemberनोव्हेंबर (novheMbar)
नवंबर (navaMbar)
December
डिसेंबर (DiseMbar)
दिसंबर (disaMbar)

Traditional Hindu calendar has lunar months and solar year. Name of Hindu months are

  • चैत्र (chaitr)
  • वैशाख (vaishAkh)
  • ज्येष्ठ (jyeShTh)
  • आषाढ (AShADh)
  • श्रावण (shrAvaN)
  • भाद्रपद (bhAdrapad)
  • अश्विन (ashvin)
  • कार्तिक (kArtik)
  • मार्गशीर्ष (mArgashIrSh)
  • पौष (pauSh)
  • माघ (mAgh)
  • फाल्गुन (phAlgun )

Days of the week

Days of the week have different names in Marathi as follows:

Name of days of week in English
Name of days of week in Marathi
Sundayरविवार (ravivAr)
Mondayसोमवार (somavAr)
Tuesdayमंगळवार (maMgaLavAr)
Wednesday
बुधवार (budhavAr)
Thursday
गुरुवार (guruvAr)
Fridayशुक्रवार (shukravAr)
Saturdayशनिवार (shanivAr)

Telling date in Marathi

In Marathi, English names of months are used in day to day conversations. The Indian/Hindu months are used during religious discussions or rituals or specifying मुहूर्त(muhUrt) of marriage etc.

Date = तारीख (tArIkh). It is a feminine word.
Unlike in English, we do not use words first, second, third .. thirty-first, etc. to indicate the date. In Marathi, actual numbers i.e. one, two … thirty one etc. is used. e.g.
What date is it today? -> आज काय तारीख आहे? (Aj kAy tArIkh Ahe ?
It was 1st July yesterday -> काल १ जुलै होती. (kAl 1 julai hotI.)
It was 1st yesterday. -> काल एक तारीख होती. (kAl ek tArIkh hotI.)
It is 2nd July today -> आज दोन जुलै आहे. (Aj don julai Ahe.)

Listen examples in this lesson

Time Related Word

Name of months & days