Till now we have worked on pronouns. Let us move towards other nouns and proper nouns.
Major difference in English and Marathi is in determining gender and plural forms. In English generally, non-living objects are considered neuter gender. But in Marathi, even non-living objects can have a masculine or feminine gender.
Mango i.e. आंबा (AMbA) is masculine.
Cigarrete i.e. सिगरेट (sigareT) is feminie
Leaf i.e पान (pAn) is neuter.
Interestingly there are no specific rules based on which gender is decided !! So you have to do your guess. As you keep reading, listening to Marathi more and more you will know about what is considered what.
Similarly depending on the gender and ending vowel of the word it plural is formed differently.
I have tried to summarize a few rules here
|Gender||Ending vowel||Plural form will|
|Singular –Plural Example||Meaning in English|
|Masculine||आ (A)||ए (e)||फळा - फळे phaLA – phaLe|
फुगा – फुगे phugA – phuge
|Board - Boards
|Feminine||ई (I)||या (yA )||बरणी - बरण्या baraNI baraNyA|
सावली - सावल्या sAvalI - sAvalyA
shadow - shadows
|माळ – माळा mAL - mALA|
मांजर - मांजरी mAMjar - mAMjarI
|garland - garlands
cat - cats
|Neuter||अ(a)||ए (e)||पान – पाने pAn - pAne||leaf - leaves
|Neuter||ए (e)||ई (I)||पाते - पाती pAte - pAtI||blade - blades|
|Neuter||ऊ (U)||ए (e)||पिल्लू पिल्ले pillU - pille||chick - chicken
Note for Feminine ending with अ(a) there are two ways of creating a plural. For some plural ends using आ(A) and for some plural ends with ई (I). There is no specific rule which one to use when. You will understand it as you will read more and more Marathi.
For other words that do not fit in the above rules, the singular and plural forms are the same.
e.g. earthen pot is called माठ in Marathi which is treated as masculine. So its plural form is माठ only
e.g. 1 earthen pot 10 earthen pots 1 माठ – 10 माठ
I have started creating list of Marathi nouns, their gender and plural forms. List is uploaded as an excel sheet at
Download the excel sheet to view it correctly.
The Excel sheet is not complete. I will keep adding more and more nouns. So please check this link frequently to see newly added nouns.