We see many sign boards saying :- 

Do not smoke here

Do not use mobile phones

Please maintain silence

 

Also on different application forms we see instructions like :- 

Fill up the form in Block letters.

Enter your preferences.

etc.

 

All these instructions are nothing but imperative stements(Commands). We have already seen how to prepare imperative sentences.

 

So translations will be :- 

 

Do not smoke here  :- धूम्रपान करू नका (dhoomrapAn karU nakA)

Do not use mobile phones :- मोबाईल फोन वापरु नका (mobAIl phon vAparu nakA)

Enter your preferences :- तुमची पसंती भरा (tumachI pasMtI bharA)

 

    

But in Marathi there is bit difference in commands and giving instructions formally.

 

Postive instructions :-

While giving instruction formally, the form of “आवा”( AvA) is appended to verb.

The form of “आवा”( AvA) is created depending on the gender and multiplicity of object. For “akarmak” verbs neuter-singular form is used.

Refer section आ-ई-ए-ए-या-ई(A-I-e-e-yA-I)rule for more understanding.

 

So applying this rules forms will be :-

आवा – आवी  आवे/आवेत – आवे -आव्या/आव्यात  आवी/आवीत  AvA – AvI – Ave/Avet – Ave -AvyA – AvI/AvIt )

 

e.g.

fill up :- भर + आवा ( bhar + AvA ) = भरावा (bharAvA)

 

Examples :-

1) Address -> पत्ता (pattA ) is masculine

Write your address :- तुमचा पत्ता लिहावा (tumachA pattA lihAvA)

Write your addresses :- तुमचे पत्ते लिहावे/ (tumache patte lihAve)

 

1) preference -> पसंती  is feminine

Enter your preference :- तुमची पसंती भरावी (tumachI pasMtI bharA)

Enter your preferences :- तुमच्या पसंती भराव्या(tumachyA pasMtI bharAvyAt )

 

2) Name -> नाव (nAv) is neuter

Speak your name :- आपले नाव सांगावे (Apale nAv sAMgAve)

Speak your names :- आपली नावे सांगावी/सांगावीत (ApalI nAve sAMgAvI/sAMgAvIt)

 

Negative instructions :-

Negative instruction are creted by adding “ऊ नये” (U naye) to verb.

For plurals sometime नयेत (nayet)can used instead of नये(naye)

e.g.

Do not speak -> बोल + ऊ नये = बोलू नये ( bolU naye )

 

Examples :-

Do not smoke :- धूम्रपान करू नये (dhoomrapAn karU naye)

Do not cross road here :- येथे रस्ता ओलाण्डू नये (yethe rastA olANDU naye)

Do not pluck flowers :- फुले तोडू नयेत (phule toDU nayet)



Listen examples in this lesson at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ba9Sx0pOh6M

 



Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/

 

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