Simple Past Tense

You already know how to create positive sentence in Simple past tense

Just add “नाही “(nAhI)/ नाहीस (nAhIs ) / नाहीत (nAhIt ) at the end of sentence to make it negative.

 

The form of नाही “(nAhI) is decided as per subjective/doer of action.

 

Pronoun in English

Pronoun in Marathi

Form of

नाही “ (nAhI)/

I

मी

 

 

 

नाही “ (nAhI)/

 

we

आम्ही

we ( listenr including)

आपण

He / That (male)

तो

She /That (female)

ती

It /That (neuter)

ते

This(Male)

हा

This(Female)

ही

This(neuter)

हे

They (Plural of He) /Those (m.)

ते

 

नाहीत

(nAhIt )

 

They (Plural of She) /Those(f.)

त्या

They (Plural of it) /Those (n.)

ती

These (male)

हे

These (female)

ह्या

These (neuter)

ही

You (plural)

तुम्ही

You (singular)

तू

नाहीस (nAhIs)

 

Examples:-

I (male) spoke.             -> I did not speak

मी बोललो(mI bolalo)            मी बोललो नाही(mI bolalo nAhI) 

I (female) danced.        -> I did not dance

मी नाचले(mI nAchale)                  मी नाचले नाही(mI nAchale nAhI)

We smiled.                    -> We did not smile

आम्ही/आपण हसलो(AmhI/ApaN hasalo)   आम्ही/आपण हसलो नाही(AmhI/ApaN hasalo nAhI)

 

He moved.                      -> He did not move

तो हलला(to halalA)                 तो हलला नाही(to halalA nAhI)

She shouted.                    -> She did not shout

ती ओरडली(tI oraDalI)               ती ओरडली नाही(tI oraDalI nAhI)

It turned.                           -> It did not turn

ते वळले(te vaLale)                ते वळले नाही(te vaLale nAhI)

They spoke                          -> They did not speak

ते बोलले(te bolale)                 -> ते बोलले नाहीत(te bolale nAhIt)

They(plural of he) met.    -> They did not meat

ते भेटले(te bheTale)                  ते भेटले नाहीत(te bheTale nAhIt)

 

 

You (male) sat.              -> You did not sit

तू बसलास(tU basalAs)                 तू बसला नाहीस(tU basalA nAhIs)

You (female) sat.            -> You did not sit

तू बसलीस(tU basalIs)                तू बसली नाहीस(tU basalI nAhIs)

Notice for You (singular) नाहीस (nAhIs) is added And ending स(s) of verb  (here “बसलास ) is omitted.

 

 

You (Plural) walked          -> You did not walk

तुम्ही चाललात(tumhI chAlalAt)      तुम्ही चालला नाहीत(tumhI chAlalA nAhIt)

Notice for You (plural) नाहीत (nAhIt) is added. And ending त (t) of verb  ( here “चाललात” ) is omitted.

 

 

Past continuous Tense

To make a positive sentence in Past continuous tense negative, न(n) is added before the form of असणे(asaNe)

e.g. I was speaking -> मी बोलत होतो(mI bolat hoto)

 

I was not speaking  -> मी बोलत न होतो(mI bolat n hoto)

 

But it is peculiar to note that “ होतो is combined and pronounced as नव्हतो ( navhato )

Similarly  होते (n hote) is combined and pronounced as नव्हते (navhate)

 

Below table summarizes it.

 

Pronoun in English

Pronoun

in

Marathi

Suffix for

common

verbs in

Past Continuous

न(n) followed by Form of

असणे(asaNe) in Marathi in Simple Past Tense

DO NOT USE it

Combined

suffix for

negative sentence in Simple Past Tense

USE it

Transliteration

I (male)

मी

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (t)

 

 होतो

नव्हतो

 

navhato

 

I (female)

मी

 होते

नव्हते

navhate

we

आम्ही

 होतो

नव्हतो

navhato

we ( listener including)

आपण

 होतो

नव्हतो

navhato

You (singular male)

तू

 होतास

नव्हतास

navhatAs

You (singular female)

तू

 होतीस

नव्हतीस

navhatIs

You (plural)

तुम्ही

 होता

नव्हता

 

navhatA

He / That (m.) / This (m.)  

तो / तो / हा

 होता

नव्हता  

 

navhatA

She / That (f.)/ This (f.) 

ती / ती / ही

 होती

नव्हती

navhatI

It / That(n.) / This (n.)

ते / ते / हे

 होते

नव्हते

navhate

They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)

ते / ते / हे

 होते

नव्हते

navhate

They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 

त्या / त्या / ह्या

 होत्या

नव्हत्या

navhatyA

They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)

ती / ती / ही

 होती

नव्हती

navhatI

 

 Examples

I (male) was doing.      

मी करत होतो(mI karat hoto)

I (male) was not doing.            

मी करत नव्हतो(mI karat navhato)

They(Plural of She) were dancing.

त्या नाचत होत्या(tyA nAchat hotyA)

They(Plural of She) were not dancing.

त्या नाचत नव्हत्या

(tyA nAchat navhatyA)

They(Plural of he) were dancing.

ते नाचत होते(te nAchat hote)

 

They(Plural of he) were not dancing.

ते नाचत नव्हते(te nAchat navhate)

 

It was not moving.

ते हलत होते(te halat hote)

           

It was not moving.

ते हलत नव्हते(te halat navhate)

           

They(Plural of it) were speaking.

ती बोलत होती(tI bolat hotI)

 

They(Plural of it) were not speaking

ती बोलत नव्हती(tI bolat navhatI)

           

He was moving.           

तो चालत होता(to chAlat hotA)

He was not moving.

तो चालत नव्हता(to chAlat navhatA)

 

 

Past perfect tense

Logic for Negative sentence in past perfect is same as Past continuous.

i.e.  न(n) is added before the form of असणे(asaNe)

e.g.

I had spoken  -> मी बोललो होतो(mI bolalo hoto)

I had not speken -> मी बोललो न होतो (mI bolalo n hoto )

in this TENSE ALSO  “ होतो is combined and pronounced as नव्हतो ( navhato ) as seen before

 

So we will directly go to some examples :-

I (male) had done        

मी केले होते(mI kele hote)

I (male) had not done.            

मी केले नव्हते(mI kele navhate)

They(Plural of She) had danced

त्या नाचल्या होत्या(tyA nAchalyA hotyA)

They(Plural of She) had not danced.

त्या नाचल्या नव्हत्या

(tyA nAchalyA navhatyA)

They(Plural of he) had danced.

ते नाचले होते(te nAchale hote)

They(Plural of he) had not danced

ते नाचले नव्हते(te nAchale navhate)

You (female) had danced

तू नाचली होतीस(tU nAchalI hotIs)

You (female) had not danced

तू नाचली नव्हतीस

(tU nAchalI navhatIs)

She had opened door

तीने दरवाजा उघडला होता

(tIne daravAjA ughaDalA hotA)

She had not opened door

तीने दरवाजा उघडला नव्हता

(tIne daravAjA ughaDalA navhatA)  

 

Listen examples in this lesson at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aS1gKWc3pk0





Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/

 

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