Friends, I can understand that “Simple Past Tense” was not that “simple” 🙂 🙂 

So to give you some relief here comes “Past Continuous Tense”. It follows good old structure like “future continuous”.

 

Here verb is formed according to subjective/doer of the action like future Continuous Tense

 

The sentence structure in Past Continuous Tense is :-

 

Pronoun

Verb+त (t)

Form of असणे(“asaNe”) in Simple Past  tense

मी ( mI )

चाल(chAl) + त (t)

होतो ( hoto )

                           

                      

Example 1) For I(male) Form of असणे(asaNe) in Simple Past Is होतो (hoto)

The full sentence

I was walking –> मी ( mI ) चाल(chAl) +  (t)  होतो (hoto)

–> मी चाल होतो (mI chAlat hoto) 

 

Example 2) For I(Female) Form of असणे(asaNe) in Simple Past Is होते (hote)

The full sentence

I was walking  –> मी ( mI ) चाल(chAl) +  (t)  होते (hote)

–> मी चाल होते (mI chAlat hote) 

 

Example 3) For They (Plural of She) Form of असणे(asaNe) in Simple Past Is होत्या (hotyA

)

The full sentence

They were watching  –>  त्या (tyA)    बघ(bagh) +  (t)    होत्या (hotyA

–>  त्या  बघत होत्या (tyA baghat hotyA

 

So below table summarizes :-

 

Pronoun in English

Pronoun

 

in

 

Marathi

Suffix for

 

common

 

verbs

in

 

Past

Continuous

Form of

 

असणे

(“asaNe”) in Marathi in Simple Past Tense

Combined

 

suffix

for

 

Past

 

Continuous

Transliteration

I (male)

मी

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (t)

 

 

होतो

 होतो

t hoto

I (female)

मी

होते

 होते

t hote

we

आम्ही

होतो

 होतो

t hoto

we ( listener including)

आपण

होतो

 होतो

t hoto

You (singular male)

तू

होतास

 होतास

t hotAs

You (singular female)

तू

होतीस

 होतीस

t hotIs

You (plural)

तुम्ही

होता

 होता

t hotA

He / That (m.) / This (m.)  

तो / तो / हा

होता

 होता

t hotA

She / That (f.)/ This (f.) 

ती / ती / ही

होती

 होती

t hotI

It / That(n.) / This (n.)

ते / ते / हे

होते

 होते

t hote

They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)

ते / ते / हे

होते

 होते

t hote

They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 

त्या / त्या / ह्या

होत्या

 होत्या

t hotyA

They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)

ती / ती / ही

होती

 होती

t hotI



Examples

I ( male) was doing.                                         मी कर होतो ( mI karat hoto ) 

I (female) was doing.                                       मी कर होते ( mI karat hote ) 

We were dancing.                                           आम्ही/आपण नाच होतो ( AmhI/ApaN nAchat hoto ) 

You (male) were crying.                                  तू रड होतास ( tU raDat hotAs ) 

You (female) were crying .                              तू रड होतीस ( tU raDat hotIs ) 

You (Plural) were walking                                 तुम्ही चाल होता ( tumhI chAlat hotA ) 

He was walking.                                             तो चाल होता ( to chAlat hotA ) 

She was speaking.                                          ती बोल होती ( tI bolat hotI ) 

It was moving.                                                ते हल होते ( te halat hote) 

They(Plural of he) were dancing.                     ते नाचत होते ( te nAchat hote) 

They(Plural of She) were dancing.                   त्या नाचत होत्या ( tyA nAchat hotyA ) 

They(Plural of it) were dancing.                       ती नाचत होती ( tI nAchat hotI  ) 



Listen examples online at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XdaOL-Y6cjQ

 



Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/