My/His/Her etc.

 

To represent the ownership we use My/His/Her etc. In English these forms are gender neutral

e.g  My son. My daughter. My table.

For all the three cases we used My. But in Marathi, depending on the gender of the objective form changes.

 

e.g. For My in English, there are 3 forms in Marahti viz. माझा (mAjhA ) माझी (mAjhI  ) माझे mAjhe)

माझा (mAjhA )  for masculine

माझी (mAjhI  ) for feminine

माझे (mAjhe) for neuter

 

So above cases will be

My son                          –> माझा मुलगा  (mAjhA mulagA )

My daughter                  –> माझी मुलगी (mAjhI mulagI  )

My Table                       –> माझे टेबल (mAjhe Tebal )

 

If objective is plural then again there are 3 different forms one for each gender

viz. माझे (mAjhe) माझ्या (mAjhyA)  माझी ( mAjhI )

My sons                        –> माझे मुलगे (mAjhe mulage)

My daughters                –> माझ्या मुली (mAjhyA mulI )

My Tables                     –> माझी टेबले  (mAjhe Tebale )

 

For proper names for singular object depending on gender चा(chA) / ची (chI ) / चे  (che ) is apended.

And for plural objective depending on gender  चे (che ) / च्या (chyA ) / ची (chI ) is appended

e.g.

Peters son                    –> पीटरचा मुलगा  (pITarachA mulagA )

Peters daughter            –> पीटरची मुलगी (pITarachI mulagI  )

Peters Table                 –> पीटरचे टेबल (pITarache Tebal )

 

If objective is plural then again there are 3 different forms one for each gender

viz. 

Peters sons                  –> पीटरचे मुलगे (pITarache mulage)

Peters daughters           –> पीटरच्या मुली (pITarachyA  mulI )

Peters Tables               –> पीटरची टेबले  (pITarachI Tebale )

 

So remember suffixes चा(chA) / ची (chI ) / चे (che) for singular and चे (che ) / च्या (chyA ) / ची (chI) for plural. And relate them to below forms.

 

 Below table list all the form.

 

 

 

Pronoun in English

My/his etc. in English

Form in Marathi for singular object.

(m./f./n.)

And their transliteration

Form in Marathi for plural object.

(m./f./n.)

And their transliteration

I

my

माझा माझी माझे

mAjhA mAjhI mAjhe

 

माझे माझ्या माझी

mAjhe mAjhyA mAjhI

 

we

our

आमचा आमची आमचे

AmachA AmachI Amache

 

आमचे आमच्या आमची

Amache AmachyA AmachI

 

we ( listenr including)

our

आपला आपली आपले

ApalA ApalI Apale

 

आपले आपल्या आपली

Apale ApalyA ApalI

 

You (singular)

your

तुझा तुझी तुझे

tujhA tujhI tujhe

 

तुझे तुझ्या तुझी

tujhe tujhyA tujhI

 

You (plural)

your

तुमचा तुमची तुमचे

tumachA tumachI tumache

 

तुमचे तुमच्या तुमची

tumache tumachyA tumachI

 

He / That (male)

his

त्याचा त्याची त्याचे

tyaachA tyAchI tyAche

 

त्याचे त्याच्या त्याची

tyAche tyAchyA tyAchI

 

She /That (female)

her

तीचा तीची तीचे

tIchA tIchI tIche

 

तीचे तीच्या तिची

tIche tIchyA tichI

 

It /That (neuter)

it’s

त्याचा त्याची त्याचे

tyaachA  tyAchI  tyAche

 

त्याचे त्याच्या त्याची

tyAche tyAchyA tyAchI

 

They (Plural of He) /Those (m.)

Their

 

त्यांचा त्यांची  त्यांचे

tyAMchA tyAMchI  tyAMche

 

 

 

त्यांचे त्यांच्या त्यांची

tyAMche tyAMchyA tyAMchI

 

 

They (Plural of She) /Those(f.)

their

They (Plural of it) /Those (n.)

their

This(Male)

of this

ह्याचा ह्याची ह्याचे

hyaachA hyAchI hyAche

 

ह्याचे ह्याच्या ह्याची

hyAche hyAchyA hyAchI

 

This(Female)

of this

हिचा हिची हिचे

hichA  hichI  hiche

 

हिचे हिच्या हिची

hiche hichyA hichI

 

This(neuter)

of this

ह्याचा ह्याची ह्याचे

hyaachA hyAchI hyAche

 

ह्याचे ह्याच्या ह्याची

hyAche hyAchyA hyAchI

 

These (male)

of these

 

ह्यांचा ह्यांची  ह्यांचे

hyAMchA  hyAMchI  hyAMche

 

 

 

ह्यांचे ह्यांच्या ह्यांची

hyAMche hyAMchyA hyAMchI

 

These (female)

of these

These (neuter)

of these

 

 

 

 

 

Example :-

 

Camera of this -> ह्याचा कॅमेरा  (hyAchA k~emerA )    

 

(Note :- Camera is masculine in Marathi. Its singular form is used here )

 

Her bottle –> तीची बाटली  (tIchI bATalI )

 

(Note :- Bottle is feminine in Marathi. Its singular form is used here)

 

 

Trees of these –> ह्यांची झाडे  (hyAMchI jhADe  )

(Note :- Tree  is neuter in Marathi. Its plural form is used here)

 

Our school –> आमची शाळा ( AmachI shALA )

(Note :- School is feminine in Marathi. Its singular form is used here)


Listen examples in this lesson at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vYwBxnhBnsE

 



Suffixes with common nouns

For common nouns the suffixes चा(chA)/ची(chI)/चे(che)/चे(che)/च्या(chyA)/ची(chI) are appended to सामान्यरूप (samanyroop form) of noun

For more details on this form refer 

http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/working-with-nouns-prepositions.html


e.g. 

Cuckoo -> कोकिळा (kokiLA)

Cuckoo’s voice -> कोकिळेचा आवाज (kokiLechA AvAj)

samanyroop form of noun कोकिळा (kokiLA) is कोकिळे (kokiLe). So,

कोकिळे (kokiLe) +  चा(chA) = कोकिळेचा (kokiLechA)


Name -> नाव (nAv)

Spelling of name -> नावाचे स्पेलिंग (nAvAche speliMg)

samanyroop form of noun नाव (nAv) is नावा(nAvA). So,

नावा(nAvA) + चे(che) = नावाचे (nAvAche)


Similarly, 

Egg -> अंडे (aMDe)

Price of egg -> अंड्याची किंमत (aMDyAchI kiMmat)


Jar -> बरणी(baraNI)

Lid of jar -> बरणीचे झाकण (baraNIche jhAkaN)

Here you see no difference because samanyroop form of बरणी(baraNI) is same as the word.



Relating multiple words

When you are connecting multiple words to show a relation the samanyroop form will be used for every word in the chain i.e.

1) Pronoun हा/ही/हे/हे/ह्या/ही is replaced with ह्या(hyA). तो/ती/ते/ते/त्या/ती is replaced with त्या(tyA)

2) The suffix चा(chA)/ची(chI)/चे(che)/चे(che)/च्या(chyA)/ची(chI) is replaced with च्या(chyA)

3) Applying rule 2 to forms of pronouns seen before the forms will look like

 

Pronoun in English

Samanyroop

 

form

I

माझ्या mAjhyA 

we

आमच्या AmachyA

we ( listener including)

आपल्या  ApalyA

You (singular)

तुझ्या tujhyA

You (plural)

तुमच्या tumachyA

He / That (male)

त्याच्या tyAchyA

She /That (female)

तीच्या tIchyA

It /That (neuter)

त्याच्या tyAchyA 

They /Those(m./f./n.)

त्यांच्या tyAMchyA

This(Male)

ह्याच्या hyAchyA

This(Female)

हिच्या hichyA

This(neuter)

ह्याच्या hyAchyA

These (m./f/n.)

ह्यांच्या hyAMchyA


e.g. Cuckoo -> कोकिळा (kokiLA)

That cuckoo -> ती कोकिळा (tI kokiLA)

Voice of that cuckoo -> त्या कोकिळेचा आवाज tyA kokiLechA AvAj)

As we are relating something with noun “cuckoo”, we used samanyroop form of noun ती(tI) which is त्या(tyA) as mentioned in point 1. 

 

Beauty of voice of that cuckoo -> त्या कोकिळेच्या आवाजाचे सौंदर्य ( tyA kokiLechyA AvAjache sauMdary)


As we are relating something to “voice”,we used samanyroop form कोकिळेचा(kokiLechA ) which is कोकिळेच्या(kokiLechyA) as mentioned in point 2.

 

If we keep adding adding such related words, we will keep using samanyroop form of all previous nouns/pronouns. Let’s take this example


Example will make it clear


That cuckoo -> ती कोकिळा (tI kokiLA)

Voice of that cuckoo -> 

त्या कोकिळेचा आवाज tyA kokiLechA AvAj)


Beauty of voice of that cuckoo -> 

त्या कोकिळेच्या आवाजाचे सौंदर्य ( tyA kokiLechyA AvAjache sauMdary)


Narration of beauty of the voice of that cuckoo ->

त्या कोकिळेच्या आवाजाच्या सौंदर्याचे वर्णन 

(tyA kokiLechyA AvAjachyA sauMdaryAche varNan)


Song of narration of beauty of the voice of that cuckoo ->

त्या कोकिळेच्या आवाजाच्या सौंदर्याच्या वर्णनाचे गाणे  

(tyA kokiLechyA AvAjachyA sauMdaryAchyA varNanAche gANe)


Lyrics of song of narration of beauty of the voice of that cuckoo ->

त्या कोकिळेच्या आवाजाच्या सौंदर्याच्या वर्णनाच्या गाण्याचे बोल  

(tyA kokiLechyA AvAjachyA sauMdaryAchyA varNanAchyA gANyAche bol)

 

 

Another example.

Your country ->

तुझा देश 

(tujhA desh)


Capital of your country -> 

तुझ्या देशाची राजधानी 

(tujhyA deshAchI rAjadhAnI)

As we are relating something to “country”,we used samanyroop form तुझा (tujhA ) which is तुझ्या(tujhyA ) as mentioned in point 3.


Name of capital of your country -> 

तुझ्या देशाच्या राजधानीचे नाव 

(tujhyA deshAchyA rAjadhAnIche nAv)


Spelling of name of capital of your country -> 

तुझ्या देशाच्या राजधानीच्या नावाचे स्पेलिंग 

(tujhyA deshAchyA rAjadhAnIchyA nAvAche speliMg)



Another example: 

My son -> माझा मुलगा(mAjhA mulagA)

My son’s school -> माझ्या मुलाची शाळा (mAjhyA mulAchI shALA)

Address of my son’s school -> माझ्या मुलाच्या शाळेचा पत्ता (mAjhyA mulAchyA shALechA pattA)


Listen this part of lesson online at 

https://youtu.be/XjpF1Hk083E