We learnt the simple past tense for verbs without noun/objective.

Now let us learn other type.

 

RULE FOR FORMING VERB :- 

Verb is formed as per gender and singular/Plural of objective.

 

Example 1)

Consider past tense example I read letter.

Here letter is noun/objective.

So in Marathi the verb read i.e वाच (vAch) will be formed according to letter

Letter is third person singular non-gender ( i.e similar to it )

 

If you refer previous chart, suffix for it in Simple Past tense is ले ( le )

So verb + suffix -> वाच (vAch) + ले ( le ) –> वाचले ( vAchale )

 

Example 2) I opened box

Objective is Box which is masculine i.e. similar to he

So If you refer previous chart, suffix for he in Simple Past tense is ला ( lA )

So verb + suffix -> उघड (ughaD)  + ला ( lA )   –>  उघडला (ughaDalA)

 

Example 3) “I opened boxes”

Objective is Boxes which is masculine plural i.e. similar to “They(plural of he

So If you refer previous chart, suffix for  They(plural of he) in Simple Past tense is ले ( le )

So verb + suffix -> उघड (ughaD)  + “ले ( le )    –>  उघडले (ughaDale)

 

 

RULE FOR FORMS of SUBJECT(doer of action)

1) For I, We, you there is no change.

2) For he in sentence we will use त्याने tyAne )

3) For she in sentence we will use तीने tIne )

4) For It in sentence we will use त्याने tyAne )

5) For They in sentence we will use त्यांनी ( tyAMnI )

6) For other pronouns/proper nouns we will suffix ने (ne) to the samanyroop form

e.g. Peter opened box. Then in sentence we will use Peter + ने (ne) => पीटरने (pITarane)

Harry opened box. Then in sentence we will use Harry + ने (ne) => हॅरीने (h~arIne)

Monkey opened box.  Then in sentence we will use माकडा”(mAkaDA) + ने (ne) => माकडाने (mAkaDAne)

Because samanyroop form of noun माकड(mAkaD) is माकडा (mAkaDA)

 

7) In plural नी ( nI ) is suffixed to the samanyroop form for plural of pronoun/noun

 

E.g. Cars made noise.  Cars is गाड्या ( gADyA ). Its samanyroop form is गाड्यां(gADyAM)

So in simple past tense sentence we will use गाड्यां(gADyAM)+नी( nI )  –> गाड्यांनी (gADyAMnI)


All watched cinema.

All = सगळे (sagaLe) Its samanyroop form is  सगळ्यां (sagaLyAM). So in  past tense sentence we will use  सगळ्यां (sagaLyAM) +नी( nI )  –> सगळ्यांनी (sagaLyAMnI)

 

 

Below has this details in tabular format :-  

 

 

Pronoun in English

Pronoun

 

in

 

Marathi

Form of

 

Subjective in past tense

Transliteration

I (male)

मी

मी

mI

I (female)

मी

मी

mI

we

आम्ही

आम्ही

AmhI

we ( listener including)

आपण

आपण

AmhI

You (singular male)

तू

तू

tU

You (singular female)

तू

तू

tU

You (plural)

तुम्ही

तुम्ही

tumhI

He / That (m.) / This (m.)  

तो / तो / 

हा

त्याने

ह्याने

tyAne

hyAne

She / That (f.)/ This (f.) 

ती / ती / ही

तीने

हिने 

tIne

hine 

It / That(n.) / This (n.)

ते / ते / 

हे

त्याने

ह्याने

tyAne

hyAne

They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)

ते / ते / 

हे

त्यांनी

ह्यांनी

tyAMnI

hyAMnI

They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 

त्या / त्या / 

ह्या

त्यांनी

ह्यांनी

tyAMnI

hyAMnI

They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)

ती / ती / 

ही

त्यांनी

ह्यांनी

tyAMnI

hyAMnI

 

 

 

Sentence formation will be

Form of Subjective          Objective        Verb+Suffix as per objective

मी ( mI )                          पत्र (patra  )    वाच (vAch)  + ले ( le )  à वाचले ( vAchale )

 

I read letter –> मी पत्र वाचले

 

Subjective          Objective        Verb+Suffix as per objective

त्याने (tyAne)         खोका (khokA)    उघड (ughaD)  + ला ( lA )  à उघडला (ughaDalA)

 

He opened box –> त्याने खोका उघडला

 

 

 

Examples  :-

I painted picture             मी चित्र रंगवले ( mI chitra raMgavale )

I ate maggi                     मी मॅगी खाल्ली (mI m~agI khAllI )

They told story               त्यांनी गोष्ट सांगितली (tyAMnI goShTa sAMgitalI

She opened door            तीने दरवाजा उघडला (tIne daravAjA ughaDalA)

We waved flags              आम्ही झेंडे हलवले (AmhI jheMDe halavale)

 

 

When creating sentences for “You(Singular)” extra स(s) is appended to verb form.

When creating sentences for “You(Plural)” extra त(t) is appended to verb form.

Examples :-

I painted picture                   मी चित्र रंगवले ( mI chitra raMgavale )

You(singu.) painted picture    तू चित्र रंगवलेस ( tU chitra raMgavales )

You(plu.) painted picture        तुम्ही  चित्र रंगवले ( tumhI chitra raMgavalet )

 

I ate maggi                     मी मॅगी खाल्ली (mI m~agI khAllI )

You(singu.) ate maggi      तू मॅगी खाल्लीस (tU m~agI khAllIs )

You(plu.) ate maggi         तुम्ही मॅगी खाल्ली (tumhI m~agI khAllIt ) 

 

They told story               त्यांनी गोष्ट सांगितली (tyAMnI goShTa sAMgitalI)

You(singu.) told story      तू गोष्ट सांगितलीस (tU goShTa sAMgitalIs)

You(plu.) told story         तुम्ही गोष्ट सांगितली (tumhI goShTa sAMgitalIt) 



Listen examples online at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dPrPvE2G16E

 



When person or living thing as object are treated slightly different. They are discussed separately in other lesson

http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2013/05/sentences-with-person-or-living-things.html
Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/

 

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