Today we will finally reach to sentence formation. Let us learn Simple Present Tense in Marathi.

 

In English a boy will say “I go” In Marathi he will say मी जातो (mI jAto)

As we have seen before the verb “Go” is जा(jA) in Marathi.

So for Simple present tense we suffixed  तो(to) to verb. Simple !!

जा (jA)+ तो(to)  = जातो (mI jAto)

 

Similarly a girl will say मी जाते (mI jAte ). 

Note that there is different suffix based on gender of the speaker.  For feminine, suffix is ते (te)

 जा (jA)+ ते (te)  = जाते (jAte)

 

So formula for forming sentence is

Pronoun followed by verb+suffix.

 

Below table list the suffix to be used for different pronouns

 

Pronoun in English

Pronoun in Marathi

Suffix in Marathi  

Suffix Transliteration

I (male)

मी

तो

to

I (female)

मी

ते

te

we

आम्ही

तो

to

we ( listener including)

आपण

तो

to

You (singular male)

तू

तोस

tos

You (singular female)

तू

तेस

 

tes

You (plural)

तुम्ही

ता

 

tA

He / That (male) / This (male)  

तो / तो / हा

तो

to

She / That (female)/ This (female) 

ती / ती / ही

ते

te

It /That(neuter)/This (neuter )

ते / ते / हे

ते

te

They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)

ते / ते / हे

तात

tAt

They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 

त्या / त्या / ह्या

तात

tAt

They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)

ती / ती / ही

तात

tAt

 

 Now apply the formula “Pronoun  verb+suffix” using above table and verbs seen in last post; create as many sentences as possible.

 

 

I ( male) do.                                        मी करतो (mI karato)

I (female) do.                                      मी करते (mI karate)

We dance.                                          आम्ही/आपण नाचतो (AmhI/ApaN nAchato )

You (male) cry.                                   तू रडतोस (tU raDatos)

You (female) cry.                                तू रडतेस (tU raDates)

You (Plural) walk                               तुम्ही चालता (tumhI chAlatA)

He walks.                                            तो चालतो (to chAlato)

She speaks.                                         ती बोलते (tI bolate)

It moves.                                             ते हलते (te halate)

They(Plural of He/She/It) dance.          ते/ त्या/ ती   नाचतात (te/tyA/tI nAchatAt )



Listen above examples at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FFPLKfHIKQw

 



Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/verbforms_parentpage.html

 

Happy Marathi learning. We will continue learning present tense in Marathi in next lesson.