To indicate possession of something we say “I have a car”, “I have a bungalow” etc.

In Marathi such sentences are formed as follows :-

सामन्यरूप(sAmanyarUp) form of my/his/ ‘s etc.

जवळ(javaL)/

कडे(kaDe )

noun

form of “to be” i.e. असणे (asaNe) as per tense and

gender, multiplicity of noun

माझ्या (mAjhyA)

जवळ(javaL)/

कडे(kaDe )

गाडी (gADI)

आहे (Ahe)

 

 

I have a car -> माझ्या जवळ/कडे गाडी आहे (mAjhyA javaL/kaDe gADIAhe)

I have 10 cars -> माझ्या जवळ/कडे १० गाड्या आहेत (mAjhyA javaL/kaDe 10 gADyA Ahet)

 

I had a car -> माझ्या जवळ/कडे गाडी होती (mAjhyA javaL/kaDe hotI )

I had 10 cars -> माझ्या जवळ/कडे १० गाड्या होत्या(mAjhyA javaL/kaDe 10 gADyA  hotyA)

Anup will have watch -> अनुप जवळ/कडे घड्याळ असेल (anup javaL/kaDe ghaDyAL asel)


I do not have car ->  माझ्या जवळ/कडे गाडी नाही (mAjhyA javaL/kaDe nAhI)

I did not have car ->  माझ्या जवळ/कडे गाडी नव्हती (mAjhyA javaL/kaDe navhatI)

 

We also use “to have” to indicate relationships.

e.g. I have 2 brothers. I have 3 maternal uncles. etc.

 

In such sentences in Marathi we use preposition “To” i.e.ला(lA)

e.g.

I have 2 brothers -> मला दोन भाऊ आहेत (malA don bhAU Ahet )

He has three paternal uncles -> त्याला तीन काका आहेत (tyAlA tIn kAkA Ahet)

Ravi had 2 kids -> रवीला दोन मुले होती (ravIlA don mule hotI)

He does not have brother -> त्याला भाऊ नाही (tyAlA bhAU nAhI)

She did not have any relatives -> तिला कोणीही नातेवाईक नव्हते  (tilA koNIhI nAtevAIk navhate )

 

Listen examples in this lesson at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dsn8v50TTW8




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