Commands

 

 

 

As we had seen in very beginning, just saying the verb is giving order to someone.

 

When speaking with someone he is called with तुम्ही  (tumhI ) and verb is suffixed with  ( A)

 

 

Some verbs which are not ending with “”(a); suffixing “ ( A) will create bit different form. See below examples of दे(de), पी (pI)

 

 

Command in English

Command in Marathi

Command in Marathi ( with respect )

You speak

तू बोल (tU bol )

तुम्ही  बोला(tumhI bolA   )

Read it

हे वाच  (he vAch )

हे वाचा (he vAchA )

Do it

हे कर  (he kar )

हे करा  (he karA )

You go 

तू जा  (  tU jA )

तुम्ही  जा  (  tumhI jA )

You give

तू दे (tU de)

तुम्ही द्या (tumhI dyA)

You drink

तू पी (tU pI )

तुम्ही प्या (tumhI pyA)

 

 

 

Negative commands

 

For normal Verb+ नकोस ( +U nakos )

 

With respect Verb+ नका (+U nakA )

 

 

 

Command in English

Command in Marathi

Command in Marathi ( with respect )

You do not speak

तू बोलू नकोस (tU bolU nakos)

तुम्ही  बोलू नका (tumhI bolU nakA)

Do not read it

हे वाचू नकोस (he vAchU nakos)

हे वाचू नका (he vAchU nakA)

Do not do it

हे करू नकोस (he karU nakos)

हे करू नका (he karU nakA)

You do not go 

तू जाऊ नकोस (  tU jAU nakos)

तुम्ही  जाऊ नका (  tumhI jAU nakA)

 

 

 

Verbs ending with  ( A) remain as it is when giving commands with respect

 

You eat -> तुम्ही खा ( tumhI khA )

You go -> तुम्ही जा ( tumhI jA )

 

 

Giving commands very formally.

In a public function or formal program, the host of the program says “May I request you to to come on the stage”, “May you please inaugurate the project”.

Or on the government forms or other formal applications we find instructions. “Write your name here”,”Sign here” etc.

These are the cases of giving instructions very formally.


It is discussed in separate lesson

Giving instructions formally


Listen examples in this lesson at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-kYpUYO_pE

 



Some verbs which are not ending with “”(a); suffixing “ ( A) will create bit different form. I have enlisted few frequently used verbs and their forms here. 

 

English Verb

Marathi Verb

Command in Marathi

Negative command in Marathi

   

( with respect )

 

( with respect )

To become

होणे(hoNe)

हो(ho)

व्हा(vhA)

होऊ नकोस (hoU nakos)

होऊ नका (hoU nakA)

To wash

धूणे(dhUNe)

धू(dhU)

धुवा(dhuvA)

धुवू नकोस (dhuvU nakos)

धुवू नका (dhuvU nakA)

To drink

पीणे(pINe)

पी(pI)

प्या(pyA)

पिऊ नकोस (piU nakos)

पिऊ नका (piU nakA)

To go

जाणे(jANe)

जा(jA)

जा(jA)

जाऊ नकोस (jAU nakos)

जाऊ नका (jAU nakA)

To Eat

खाणे(khANe)

खा(khA)

खा(khA)

खाऊ नकोस (khAU nakos)

खाऊ नका (khAU nakA)

To give

देणे(deNe)

दे(de)

द्या(dyA)

देऊ नकोस (deU nakos)

देऊ नका (deU nakA)

To take

घेणे(gheNe)

घे(ghe)

घ्या(ghyA)

घेऊ नकोस (gheU nakos)

घेऊ नका (gheU nakA)

To live

राहणे(rAhaNe)

रहा(rahA)

रहा(rahA)

राहू नकोस (rAhU nakos)

राहू नका (rAhU nakA)

To come

येणे(yeNe)

ये(ye)

या(yA)

येऊ नकोस (yeU nakos)

येऊ नका (yeU nakA)

To sing

गाणे(gANe)

गा(gA)

गा(gA)

गाऊ नकोस (gAU nakos)

गाऊ नका (gAU nakA)

To write

लिहिणे(lihiNe)

लिहा(lihA)

लिहा(lihA)

लिहू नकोस (lihU nakos)

लिहू नका (lihU nakA)

To see

पाहणे

(pAhaNe)

पहा

(pahA)

पहा(pahA)

पाहू नकोस (pAhU nakos)

पाहू नका (pAhU nakA)


Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/ 

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