In previous lesson we have learned how to say “If… then..” kind of sentences.

Sentence using “If-Then”

In the second half of the above lesson we have seen that  “If-Then” structure can be used to predict the future also. i.e. to indicate what will be the effect if some action is taken. Same type of sentences can also be prepared using different style which is seen more in formal text, news or old style writing. This style is rarely used in day to day communication.

We use past tense sentence as a base. And then change the suffix of verb root to ल्यास(lyAs)
e.g. He spoke -> तो बोलला (to bolalA)

Here, pronoun is तो(to). Verb form is बोलला (bolalA). Verb root is बोल(bol) and suffix is ला(lA). When we change suffix to ल्यास(lyAs); it becomes बोलल्यास (bolalyAas)
So the sentence becomes तो बोलल्यास (to bolalyAas) which is English is “If he speaks”

Another example
I laughed -> मी हसलो (mI hasalo)
Here, pronoun is मी(mI). Verb form is हसलो (hasalo). Verb root is हस(hasa) and suffix is लो(lo). When we change suffix to ल्यास(lyAs); it becomes हसल्यास (hasalyAas)
So the sentence becomes मी हसल्यास (mI hasalyAas) which is English is “If I laugh”

Let’s take examples of transitive verbs(verbs which need an object)
She opened a box -> तिने खोका उघडला (tine khokA ughaDalA)
Here, pronoun form is is तिने(tine). Verb form is उघडला (ughaDalA). Verb root is उघड(ughaDa) and suffix is ला(lA). When we change suffix to ल्यास(lyAs); it becomes उघडल्यास (ughaDalyAas)
So the sentence becomes तिने खोका उघडल्यास (tine khokA ughaDalyAas) which is English is “If she opens a box”

Another example
They ate mango -> त्यांनी आंबा खाल्ला (tyAMnI AMbA khAllA)
If they eat mango – > त्यांनी आंबा खाल्ल्यास (tyAMnI AMbA khAllyAs)

Negative form is created by appending न(na) before the verb form

If he speaks -> तो बोलल्यास (to bolalyAas)
If he does not speak -> तो न बोलल्यास (to na bolalyAas)
If I laugh -> मी हसल्यास (mI hasalyAas)
If I do not laugh -> मी न हसल्यास (mI na hasalyAas)
If she opens a box -> तिने खोका उघडल्यास (tine khokA ughaDalyAas)
If she doesn’t open a box -> तिने खोका न उघडल्यास (tine khokA na ughaDalyAas)

Let’s take real examples from news
1 वर्ष काम केल्यास कर्मचाऱ्याला Grtuityचा अधिकार मिळेल (1 varSh kAm kelyAs karmachAryAlA GrtuitychA adhikAr miLel) -> An employee will get right of gratuity if he/she works for 1 year.
चुकीची माहिती दिल्यास शिस्तभंगाची कारवाई होईल (chukIchI mAhitI dilyAs shistabhMgAchI hoil ) -> If wrong information is given, then there will be disciplinary action
जमल्यास मला भेटायला ये (jamalyAs malA bheTAyalA ye) -> If possible (If you can manage), then come to meet me.