Let’s learn basic Marathi sentence formation in this lesson. In English the verb “To Be” has special significance. Its’ different forms are used along with other verbs to indicate tense. The same is the case in Marathi.

“To Be” in English is असणे(“asaNe”) in Marathi.
In English “am”, ”are”, ”is” are different forms of “To be” for different pronouns. Similarly, in Marathi, there are different forms of असणे(“asaNe”).

The below chart shows has details.

Pronoun in EnglishForm of “To Be”Pronoun in MarathiForm ofअसणे(“asaNe”) in MarathiTransliteration
I (male)
I (female)
we ( listener including)
You (singular male)
You (singular female)
You (plural)areतुम्हीआहातAhAt
He / That (m.) / This (m.)
isतो / तो / हाआहेAhe
She / That (f.)/ This (f.) isती / ती / हीआहेAhe
It / That(n.) / This (n.)isते / ते / हेआहेAhe
They (Plural of He) /Those (m.) /These (m.)areते / ते / हेआहेतAhet
They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) areत्या / त्या / ह्याआहेतAhet
They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)areती / ती / हीआहेतAhet

So a sentence in Marathi can be formed as:

I am: मी आहे ( mI Ahe )
You are : तुम्ही आहात ( tumhI AhAt )
They are: ते आहेत ( te Ahet )
We are: आम्ही/आपण आहोत ( AmhI/ApaN Ahot )

Listen examples in this lesson

We will get to know more about Marathi’s grammar and sentence structure in the next lessons.