In English we use “perfect continuous” tense to indicate that some action has started in the past and has continued up until now.

e.g. “I have been studying Marathi for last 2 years”, “She has been working here for past 1 month”,”He had been standing all day at work” etc.


Style 1) 

In Marathi there is no special tense to match this “has/had been”. So while translating a 

“have been” statement -> translate it as if a “present continuous” tense. 

“had been”  statement – > translate as if “past continuous” tense. 

“will have been” statement -> translate as if “future continuous” tense.

i.e.

“He had been saying” can be said as “he was saying” -> तो बोलत होता ( to bolat hotA )

“He has been saying” can be said as “he is saying” -> तो बोलत आहे( to bolat Ahe )

“He will have been saying” can be said as “he will be saying” -> तो बोलत असेल ( to bolat asel )


Style 2) In this style verb येणे(yeNe) is used along with main verb to make it perfect continuous. 


The sentence structure for present perfect continuous is 

 

Subject of sentence 

verb+त(t)           

verb येणे(yeNe) as per present perfect tense

मी (mI)                           

बोलत(bolat )  

आलो आहे (Alo Ahe)



Simple hint is first translate “I have come” into Marathi and then insert main verb+त(t) to make it perfect continuous.


e.g. If we want to say “I have been saying”.  Then first, translate “I have come” i.e. मी आलो आहे ( mI Alo Ahe ). Now main verb is “to say” i.e. बोल(bol) so we insert बोलत(bolat ) into sentnece to make it


मी बोलत आलो आहे  ( mI bolat Alo Ahe )


Further example wil make it clear

 

1) she has been doing

She has come” -> ती आली आहे ( tI AlI Ahe  )

She has been saying -> ती बोलत आली आहे ( tI bolat AlI Ahe  )

 

2) They have been dancing

They have come -> ते आले आहेत ( te Ale Ahet )

They have been dancing -> ते नाचत आले आहेत ( te nAchat Ale Ahet )

 

3) You have been eating mango 

You have come -> तुम्ही आला आहात ( tumhI  AlA AhAt )

You have been eating mango  -> तुम्ही आंबा खात आला आहात ( tumhI AMbA khAt AlA AhAt )

 

4) I have been working there for past three years 

have come -> मी आलो आहे( mI Alo Ahe)

have been working -> मी काम करत आलो आहे( mI kAm karat Alo Ahe  )

have been working there for three years -> मी तिकडे ३ वर्षे काम करत आलो आहे ( mI tikaDe 3 varShe kAm karat Alo Ahe  ) 

 

 

Past Perfect Continuous

If you have understood above part then Past Perfect Continuous is very easy for you. 

As you can guess, only difference here is form of “येणे(yeNe)” is as per past perfect tense. 

 

Subject of sentence 

verb+त(t)           

verb येणे as per past perfect tense

मी (mI)                           

बोलत(bolat )  

आलो होतो  (Alo hoto)



Simple hint is first translate “I had come” into Marathi and then insert main verb+त(t) to make it perfect continuous.

 

1) she had been doing

She had come” -> ती आली होती( tI AlI hotI  )

She had been saying -> ती बोलत आली होती( tI bolat AlI hotI)

 

2) They had been dancing

They had come -> ते आले होते( te Ale hote )

They had been dancing -> ते नाचत आले होते( te nAchat Ale hote )

 

3) You had been eating mango 

You had come -> तुम्ही आला होतात ( tumhI  AlA hotAt)

You had been eating mango  -> तुम्ही आंबा खात आला होतात  tumhI AMbA khAt AlA hotAt )

 

4) I had been working there for past three years 

I had come -> मी आलो होतो ( mI Alo hoto )

I had been working -> मी काम करत आलो होतो  ( mI kAm karat Alo hoto  )

I had been working there for three years -> मी तिकडे ३ वर्षे काम करत आलो होतो ( mI tikaDe 3 varShe kAm karat Alo hoto  ) 


Future Perfect Continuous 

If you have understood above part then Future Perfect Continuous is very easy for you. 

 

As you can guess, only difference here is form of “येणे(yeNe)” is as per future perfect tense. 

 

Subject of sentence 

verb+त(t)           

verb येणे as per future perfect tense

मी (mI)                           

बोलत(bolat )  

आलो असेन (Alo asen)


Simple hint is first translate “I will have come” into Marathi and then insert main verb+त(t) to make it perfect continuous.

 

1) she will have been doing

She will have come” -> ती आली असेल ( tI AlI asel )

She will have been saying -> ती बोलत आली असेल ( tI bolat AlI asel)

 

2) They had been dancing

They will have come -> ते आले असतील( te Ale asatIl )

They will have been dancing -> ते नाचत आले असतील( te nAchat Ale asatIl )

 

3) You will have been eating mango 

You will have come -> तुम्ही आला असाल( tumhI  AlA asAl)

You will have been eating mango  -> तुम्ही आंबा खात आला असाल  tumhI AMbA khAt AlA asAl)

 

4) I will have been working there for past three years 

will have come -> मी आलो असेन( mI Alo asen )

will have been working -> मी काम करत आलो असेन  ( mI kAm karat Alo asen )

will have been working there for three years -> मी तिकडे ३ वर्षे काम करत आलो असेन ( mI tikaDe 3 varShe kAm karat Alo asen 

 

Listen examples in this lesson at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R6PtSjelH-U

 

 


Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/ 


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