In English we use the phrase “used to” to indicate repetitive events.

e.g. I used to go to morning walk when I was in school.

He used to play bad before he got the coaching.

 

Similar structure in Marathi is :-

Subject      verb+suffix

मी                 कर  + आयचो

Pronoun in English

Pronoun

in

Marathi

suffix

Transliteration

I (male)

मी

आयचो

Ayacho

I (female)

मी

आयचे

Ayache

we

आम्ही

आयचो

Ayacho

we ( listener including)

आपण

आयचो

Ayacho

You (singular male)

तू

आयचास

AyachAs

You (singular female)

तू

आयचीस

AyachIs

You (plural)

तुम्ही

आयचात

AyachAt

He / That (m.) / This (m.)  

तो / तो / हा

आयचा

AyachA

 

She / That (f.)/ This (f.) 

ती / ती / ही

आयची

AyachI

It / That(n.) / This (n.)

ते / ते / हे

आयचे

Ayache

They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)

ते / ते / हे

आयचे

Ayache

They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) /   These (f.) 

त्या / त्या / ह्या

आयच्या

AyachyA

They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)

ती / ती / ही

आयची

AyachI

 

Examples :-

I used to do :- मी करायचो  ( mI karAyacho )

She used to speak :- ती बोलायची (tI bolAyachI )

He used to dance :- तो  नाचायचा (to nAchAyachA )

They(plural of he)  used to eat mangos :- ते आंबे खायचे (te AMbe khAyache )

They(plural of she) used to play cricket :- त्या क्रिकेट खेळायच्या  (tyA krikeT kheLAyachyA )

 

Even the verb “to be” i.e. असणे(“asaNe”) in Marathi can be used this wasy

He used to be there :- तो तिकडे असायचा (to tikaDe asAyachA)

She used to be quiet :- ती शांत असायची (tI shAMt asAyachI )

 

Negative sentences.

Negative sentences can be formed by adding नाही ( nAhI ) after verb form. Depending on subject नाही/नाहीस/नाहीत ( nAhI/nAhIs/nAhIt  ) is added.

refer http://kaushiklele-learnmarathi.blogspot.in/2012/05/negative-sentences-present-tense.html

e.g.

I did not use to do :- मी करायचो नाही ( mI karAyacho nAhI)

 

She did not use to speak :- ती बोलायची नाही (tI bolAyachI nAhI)

You did not use to dance :- तू नाचायचा नाहीस ( tU nAchAyachA nAhIs )

They(plural of he)  did not use to eat mangos :- ते आंबे खायचे नाहीत  (te AMbe khAyache nAhIT)

She did not use to be quiet :- ती शांत असायची नाही (tI shAMt asAyachI nAhI)


For “to be” i.e. असणे(“asaNe”) a negative form can be created by prefixing न(n)

i.e.  न(n) + असायचा (asAyachA) -> नसायचा ( nasAyachA )

i.e.  न(n) + असायची(asAyachI) -> नसायची ( nasAyachI)

 

 

 

He did not use to be there :- तो तिकडे नसायचा (to tikaDe nasAyachA)

She did not use to be quiet :- ती शांत नसायची (tI shAMt nasAyachI )

 

 

 

In English the present tense of “used to“ conveys different meaning. It conveys familiarity of action.

e.g I am used to lifting heavy weights.

Here “am used to” indicates that action of “lifting heavy weights” is familiar/easier to me.

So in English we do not have any parallel phrase to indicate present tense of “used to”.

So you need to understand it without example from English.

“used to” says that event occurred frequently in past.

Then present tense form of “used to” in marathi will indicate that event occurs frequenly in present.

 

Sentence formation is

Subject            verb+(t)          form of of असणे(asaNe)

 

मी                     कर+त               असतो

 

The form of “asaNe” is created using suffixes for Simple Present Tense. For simplicity I have given it readymade here.

 

Pronoun in English

Pronoun

in

Marathi

Suffix for

common

verbs in

Future Continuous

Suffix in Marathi for simple present tense 

Form of

असणे(asaNe)

in by attaching suffix

Transliteration

I (male)

मी

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (t)

 

तो

असतो

 

asato

 

I (female)

मी

ते

असते

asate

we

आम्ही

तो

असतो

asato

we ( listener including)

आपण

तो

असतो

asato

You (singular male)

तू

तोस

असतोस

asatos

You (singular female)

तू

तेस

 

असतेस

asates

You (plural)

तुम्ही

ता

 

असता

asatA

He / That (m.) / This (m.)  

तो / तो / हा

तो

असतो

 

asato

 

She / That (f.)/ This (f.) 

ती / ती / ही

ते

असते

asate

It / That(n.) / This (n.)

ते / ते / हे

ते

असते

asate

They (Plural of He)  /Those (m.) /These (m.)

ते / ते / हे

तात

असतात

asatAt

They (Plural of She) / Those (f.) / These (f.) 

त्या / त्या / ह्या

तात

असतात

asatAt

They (Plural of it) / Those (n.) / These (n.)

ती / ती / ही

तात

असतात

asatAt

 

He is used to dance :-  तो नाचत असतो  (to nAchat asato )

She is used to speak :- ती बोलत असते ( tI bolat asate )

Those girls are used to laugh :- त्या मुली हसत असतात  ( tyA mulI hasat asatAt )

I am used to be there :- मी तिकडे असतो (mI tikaDe asato )

She is used to be quiet :- ती शांत असते  (tI shAMt asate   ) 


Negative sentences

As seen in previous section For “to be” i.e. असणे(“asaNe”) a negative form can be created by prefixing न(n)

 

i.e.  न(n) + असतात(asatAt) -> नसतात ( nasatAt )

i.e.  न(n) + असते(asate) -> नसायची ( नसते)

 

He is not used to dance :-  तो नाचत नसतो (to nAchat nasato )

She is not used to speak :- ती बोलत नसते ( tI bolat nasate )

 

 
 

Listen examples online at

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lWerWKgtxgs



 





Exercise: Try creating sentences with different verbs using above rules. Crosscheck them by creating same by “verb forms” feature on http://learnmarathiwithkaushik.com/

 

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