“To can” or “To be able to” in Gujarati is “શકવું” (shakavuM )

The sentence formation is

Subjectverb+ઈ(I)form of “શકવું” (shakavuM ) as per tense and subject
હું(huM)ખાઈ(khAI )શકું છું ( shakuM ChuM )

In all the tenses verb formation is as per subject.

I can eatહું ખાઈ શકું છું (huM khAI shakuM ChuM )
He can singએ ગાઈ શકે છે (e gAI shake Che )
You(plural) could eat pickleતમે અથાણું ખાઈ શક્યાં (tame athANuM khAI shakyAM )
You(plural) could eat chutneyતમે ચટણી ખાઈ શક્યાં (tame chaTaNI khAI shakyAM )
She could danceએ નાચી શકી (e nAchI shakI )
They ( plural of she) will be able to moveતેઓ હલી શકશે (teo halI shakashe )
Can earth fill stomach of all ?શું પૃથ્વી સર્વ લોકોનું પેટ ભરી શકશે (shuM pRuthvI sarv lokonuM peT bharI shakashe )

Similarly negative sentences are formed with rules seen before.

The sentence formation is

Subjectverb+ઈ(I)Negative form of “શકવું”(shakavuM ) as per tense and subject
હું(huM)ખાઈ(khAI )નથી શકતો ( nathI shakato )

We have already seen rules for negative sentences. Using those we can create form “શકવું” (shakavuM )


I can not eatહું ખાઈ નથી શકતો (huM khAI nathI shakato )
He can not singએ ગાઈ નથી શકતો (e gAI nathI shakato )
She can not danceએ નાચી નથી શકતી (e nAchI nathI shakatI )
You(plural) could not eat mangoતમે કેરી ખાઈ નથી શક્યાં (tame kerI khAI nathI shakyAM )
You(plural) could not eat chutneyતમે ચટણી ખાઈ નથી શક્યાં (tame chaTaNI khAI nathI shakyAM )
They ( plural of she) will not be able to moveતેઓ હલી નહિં શકશે (teo halI nahiM shakashe )
He(polite) will not be able to speakતેઓ બોલી નહિં શકશે (teo bolI nahiM shakashe )

Listen examples in this lesson at

Using verb "To Can" and phrase "To be able to" in Gujarati